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Special Ballot Voters – Infographic

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Profile of special ballot voters who responded to the survey

Gender
International mail-in National mail-in Elections Canada office
Male 56% 45% 52%
Female 42% 52% 47%
Non-binary 0.4% 0.5% 0.2%
Age groups
International mail-in National mail-in Elections Canada office
18–24 8% 35% 7%
25–34 33% 31% 12%
35–54 45% 17% 22%
55–74 14% 15% 46%
75+ 1% 2% 13%
Education
International mail-in National mail-in Elections Canada office
High school or less 2% 12% 11%
Some post-secondary 12% 33% 35%
Completed university 86% 55% 53%
Functional disability
International mail-in National mail-in Elections Canada office
Yes 7% 10% 9%
No 91% 85% 87%
Indigenous
International mail-in National mail-in Elections Canada office
Indigenous 1% 3% 2%
Not Indigenous 98% 94% 97%
Employment status
International mail-in National mail-in Elections Canada office
Employed 74% 46% 44%
Unemployed 3% 3% 2%
Homemaker / caregiver 3% 1% 2%
Student 10% 36% 6%
Retired 7% 12% 43%
Other 3% 3% 4%

Number of special ballot voters (42nd and 43rd GEs)

International mail-in 2015 11,001
2019 34,142
National mail-in 2015 22,172
2019 15,403
Elections Canada office 2015 431,320
2019 431,882
Overall1 2015 464,493
2019 481,427

Satisfaction with voting experience

International mail-in National mail-in Elections Canada office
Very satisfied 77% 77% 91%
Somewhat satisfied 17% 14% 5%
Somewhat dissatisfied 4% 4% 2%
Very dissatisfied 2% 4% 1%

How electors knew they could vote by special ballot

Top 3 reasons

International mail-in
Visited Elections Canada website 34%
Friend, family member or acquaintance 20%
From non-Elections Canada social media 13%
National mail-in
Visited Elections Canada website 42%
Friend, family member or acquaintance 14%
I voted like this in the previous election 8%
Elections Canada Office
Visited Elections Canada website 32%
From their voter information card 13%
Friend, family member or acquaintance 11%

Reasons for voting by special ballot

Top 3 responses

National mail-in
Unavailable on advance polling days and election day 41%
Away from riding 24%
Timing was more convenient 13%
Elections Canada Office
Unavailable on advance polling days and election day 46%
Timing was more convenient 20%
To avoid lineups 12%

Time it took to vote

Average time to receive ballot in the mail
International mail-in National mail-in
11.6 days 7.8 days

Elections Canada office

Average wait time at the EC office before voting
2.6 minutes

+

Average time it took to vote
4.1 minutes

=

Average total voting experience
6.7 minutes

Footnotes

1 Overall figures exclude Canadian Forces, acute care and home visit voters.