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Survey of Electors following the June 18, 2018, Federal By–election in Chicoutimi–Le Fjord

Appendix

Annex 1: Methodological Details

Sampling

Probability sampling was undertaken using random digit dialing (RDD). To ensure that the sample was representative and that the results reflected the distribution of electors by age and gender, the sample frame was based on Statistics Canada census data. Respondents were randomly selected using cell phone and landline sample. The sample frame was composed of 81% cell phone numbers and 19% landline numbers in an effort to reach younger electors and to ensure cell phone–only households were included in the sampling frame. The landline sample was supplied by ASDE. The cell phone sample was supplied by Advanis (the firm responsible for data collection for this survey under subcontract to Phoenix SPI).

The same random selection process was used for both the landline and cell phone sample. In terms of the specific respondent in the household, interviewers asked to speak to an individual, 18 years of age and older. If that was not the initial individual answering the telephone, but another in the household, interviewers asked to speak to the eligible respondent. No selection procedures were used for the cell phone sample.

Once an appropriate adult was reached, voter eligibility was verified by the interviewer. To be eligible for the survey, respondents had to be a Canadian citizen of at least 18 years of age on polling day and to have had an address of ordinary residence in the electoral district from the first day of revision period until election day.

A quota protocol approach to sampling was used for this survey to ensure that the younger age segments were as close as possible to the census representation for the 18– to 24–year–old and 25– to 34–year–old populations in Chicoutimi–Le Fjord.

  Target Interviews Completed
18 to 24 39 38
25 to 34 55 55
35 to 44 54 55
45 to 64 146 146
65 or older 106 106

The quota protocol came into effect on day eight of 13 of the field period. In total, 244 interviews (61% of the survey sample) were completed before interviewers began screening for specific age groups. The rest–156 interviews or 39% of the survey sample–were completed with the quota protocol in place. The following table provides a breakdown of the number of interviews completed before and after the quota protocol by age segment:

  Interviews completed prior to sample quotas Interviews completed with sample quotas
18 to 24 22 16
25 to 34 35 20
35 to 44 40 15
45 to 64 92 54
65 or older 55 51

Pre–Test

To pre–test the questionnaire, respondents were first administered the survey and then asked a series of short follow–up questions. The debrief following the survey provided an opportunity for respondents to offer feedback on the questionnaire. The follow–up questions were:

  • What's your overall impression of the survey... was it clear and easy to understand? If not, why not?
  • Did the survey appear to be well organized? If not, why not?
  • Did any of the questions in the survey cause confusion? If so, which ones and why?
  • Could any of the questions be worded more clearly? If so, which ones and why? Do you have any suggestions to improve the way the question(s) is/are asked?
  • Do you have any other comments about the survey?

In total, 15 pre–test interviews were conducted by telephone on June 22, 2018. Respondents had the choice of participating in the official language of their choice. All interviews were completed in French. The pre–test interviews were digitally recorded and reviewed by Phoenix SPI team members and EC officials.

Overall, the questionnaire worked well. There were no problems in terms of design or respondents' comprehension of the questions. As a result, only minor changes to the programming instructions were made and notes were shared with the interviewers to improve the flow of the interview.

Data Collection

All fieldwork was conducted using computer–assisted telephone interviewing (CATI) technology. In an effort to minimize non–response bias, those who declined to complete the survey over the telephone were given the option to complete the survey online. However, no one who agreed to complete the survey online qualified to complete the survey after having voter eligibility verified by the interviewer. In total, 400 electors were interviewed by telephone. Based on a sample of this size, the results for the electoral district can be considered accurate to within 4.9%, 19 times out of 20.

The following specifications applied:

  • The phone and online surveys were programmed in both French and English. Calls were made in French, and respondents were offered the option to complete the survey in their official language of choice. All 400 respondents chose to complete the survey in French.
  • Interviews averaged 11 minutes in length.
  • All survey participants were informed that their participation is voluntary, and that information collected is protected under the authority of the Privacy Act.
  • Calling was conducted at different times of the day and the week to maximize the opportunity to establish contact.
  • Up to eight call backs were attempted to reach potential respondents before a sample record was retired.
  • Interviewers mentioned in their introduction that the study was sponsored by EC.
  • The survey was registered with the Marketing Research and Intelligence Association's (MRIA) National Survey Registration System.
  • The fieldwork was conducted June 27 to July 10, 2018.

The data collection was conducted in accordance with the standards set out by the MRIA as well as applicable federal legislation, including the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act(PIPEDA), Canada's private sector privacy law.

Response Rate

The following table presents information about the final call dispositions for this survey, as well as calculation of the response rate (using MRIA's Empirical formula):

  Landline Cell Total
Total Numbers Attempted 1,452 6,061 7,513
Out–of–scope – Invalid 410 108 518
Unresolved (U) 417 2,893 3,310
No answer/Answering machine 417 2,893 3,310
In–scope – Non–responding (IS) 399 1,903 2,302
Language barrier/illness/incapable 10 10 20
Call back (Respondent not available) 5 31 36
Refusal (Household) 301 1,213 1,514
Refusal (Respondent) 76 641 717
Termination/Break–off/partial Complete 7 8 15
In–scope – Responding units (R) 226 1,157 1,383
Completed Interview 131 269 400
NQ – Quota Full 9 75 84
NQ – Does not qualify 77 541 618
NQ – Citizenship 0 9 9
NQ – Age 0 6 6
NQ – Not in riding 9 257 266
Response Rate 21.7% 19.4% 19.8%

The MRIA response rate formula is as follows: [R=R/(U+IS+R)]. This means that the response rate is calculated as the number of responding units [R] divided by the number of unresolved [U] numbers plus in–scope [IS] non–responding households and individuals plus responding units [R].

Survey Weighting and Non–response Bias

To produce population estimates, the survey data were weighted to accurately reflect the age and gender distribution of eligible electors in the federal riding of Chicoutimi–Le Fjord. Specifically, the nested census populations of men and women residing in the federal electoral district who were aged 18–24, 25–34, 35–44, 45–64, and 65 or older (at the time of the research) were compiled as the weighting frame. The survey results were then compared to the same age and gender proportions to generate the survey weights. Any respondents who refused to provide their age were given a neutral weight so as not to skew the weighting proportions. Weights were based on 2016 Statistics Canada census data.

The table below shows the unweighted and weighted proportions for the variables used to create the weights:

UnweightedBase n=400 WeightedBase n=400
Gender Male 55% 49%
Female 45% 51%
Age 18 to 24 10% 10%
25 to 34 14% 14%
35 to 44 14% 13%
45 to 64 37% 36%
65 or older 27% 27%

Telephone surveys of the Canadian public often under–represent younger Canadians and over–represent older Canadians. Previous federal by–election surveys have resulted in few 18– to 24–year–olds and 25– to 34–year–olds in the final survey sample. As a result, the post–stratification weights have been very high for these strata of the population. To address this, a quota protocol approach to sampling was used for this survey to ensure that the younger age segments were as close as possible to the census representation for the 18– to 24–year old and 25– to 34–year–old populations in Chicoutimi–Le Fjord. As the table shows, the distribution of interviews by age segment very closely matches the actual distribution of electors by age in the federal riding.

Annex 2: Survey Questionnaire

PINTRO

PHONE INTRO

Good afternoon/evening. My name is ... and I am calling from [...], a public opinion research company. Today we are conducting a study on behalf of Elections Canada. Please be assured that we are not selling or soliciting anything. This survey is registered with the national survey registration system.

[IF ASKED]: The survey will take about 12 minutes to complete.

[IF ASKED]: The registration system has been created by the Canadian survey research industry to allow the public to verify that a survey is legitimate, get information about the survey industry or register a complaint. The registration system toll–free telephone number is 1–888–602–6742, extension 8728.

[IF ASKED ABOUT THE NATIONAL DO NOT CALL LIST]: Calls made for the purpose of market research, polls or surveys are not considered telemarketing calls. Organizations making these types of calls are not required to register with the National Do Not Call List. The National Do Not Call List toll–free telephone number is 1–866–580–3625.

[IF ASKED ABOUT ELECTIONS CANADA]: The toll–free telephone number for Elections Canada is 1–800–463–6868. Their hours of operation are Monday to Friday, from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. (Eastern time).

A. LANDLINE PROTOCOL

I would like to speak to the person in your household who is a Canadian citizen, is at least 18 years old, and who has had the most recent birthday. Would that be you?

  • IF PERSON SELECTED IS NOT AVAILABLE, ARRANGE FOR CALL BACK.
  • IF PERSON SELECTED IS NOT AVAILABLE OVER INTERVIEW PERIOD, ASK FOR PERSON WITH NEXT MOST RECENT BIRTHDAY AND GO TO SCR1.
  • IF IN DOUBT, CONFIRM WHETHER RESPONDENT WOULD LIKE TO BE INTERVIEWED IN ENGLISH OR FRENCH.

PRIV

Thank you. Please note that this call may be recorded for quality control or training purposes and all personal information collected will be held in strict confidence. Responses are used only for statistical purposes.

SCR1

May I confirm that you are a Canadian citizen?

IF NO: This survey must be completed by Canadian citizens. Would there be someone in your household who is a Canadian citizen? IF YES ASK TO SPEAK TO THAT PERSON.

  • 01     Yes
  • 02     No GO TO THNK2

SCR2

May I confirm that you were at least 18 years old on June 18, 2018?

IF NO: This survey must be completed by Canadian citizens who were at least 18 years old on June 18, 2018. Would there be someone in your household who was at least 18 years old on June 18, 2018? IF YES ASK TO SPEAK TO THAT PERSON.

  • 01     Yes
  • 02     No GO TO THNK2

SCR3 age

In what year were you born?
  • 01     Enter age
  • 00     Don't know/Refusal

SCR3B check eligibility 2015

SCR3 IS 1997

In what month and on what day were you born?

IF ASKED WHY: This is to verify whether you had been eligible to vote in a federal election prior to the June 18, 2018, by–election.

RECORD THE TWO ANSWERS

  • SCR3 = Month:
  • SCR3A = Day:
  • 00     Don't know/Refusal

SCR4 residence

Between May 16 and June 18, 2018, did you live in the federal riding of Chicoutimi–Le Fjord?
  • IF NO: Unfortunately, this survey must be completed by Canadian citizens who lived in this riding and were eligible to vote in the June 18, 2018, by–election. THANK AND DISCONTINUE.
  • IF ANSWERS SPONTANEOUSLY THAT LIVED IN RIDING FOR ONLY PART OF REVISION PERIOD: Unfortunately, this survey must be completed by Canadian citizens who lived in this riding for the entire revision period (May 16, 2018, through June 18, 2018), and were eligible to vote in the June 18, 2018, by–election. THANK AND DISCONTINUE.
  • IF UNSURE: REVIEW LIST OF COMMUNITIES IN THE RIDING WITH RESPONDENT TO DETERMINE IF HE/SHE WAS A RESIDENT OF THE RIDING. IF SO, CONTINUE. IF NOT, DISCONTINUE USING LANGUAGE IN CODE 02. LIST OF COMMUNITIES ATTACHED.
  • IF UNSURE (2): INTERVIEWER TO USE ELECTIONS CANADA'S ONLINE VOTER INFORMATION SERVICE TO VERIFY RIDING BY POSTAL CODE (http://www.elections.ca/scripts/vis/finded).
    • 01     Yes
    • 02     No GO TO THNK2

B. CELL PROTOCOL

I would like to speak to someone who is a Canadian citizen and is at least 18 years old. Does that describe you?
  • IF PERSON IS NOT AVAILABLE, ARRANGE FOR CALL BACK.
  • IF PERSON IS NOT AVAILABLE OVER INTERVIEW PERIOD, THANK AND DISCONTINUE.
  • IF IN DOUBT, CONFIRM WHETHER RESPONDENT WOULD LIKE TO BE INTERVIEWED IN ENGLISH OR FRENCH.

PRIV

Thank you. Please note that this call may be recorded for quality control or training purposes and all personal information collected will be held in strict confidence. Responses are used only for statistical purposes.

SCR1

May I confirm that you are a Canadian citizen?
  • IF NO: This survey must be completed by Canadian citizens. THANK AND DISCONTINUE.
  • 01     Yes
  • 02     No GO TO THNK2

SCR2

May I confirm that you were at least 18 years old on June 18, 2018?
  • IF NO: This survey must be completed by Canadian citizens who were at least 18 years old on June 18, 2018. THANK AND DISCONTINUE.
  • 01     Yes
  • 02     No GO TO THNK2

SCR3 age

In what year were you born?
  • 01     Year
  • 00     Don't know/Refusal

SCR3B check eligibility 2015

SCR3 IS 1997

In what month and on what day were you born?

IF ASKED WHY: This is to verify whether you had been eligible to vote in a federal election prior to the June 18, 2018, by–election.

RECORD THE TWO ANSWERS

  • SCR3 = Month
  • SCR3A = Day
  • 00     Don't know/Refusal

SCR4 residence

Between May 16 and June 18, 2018, did you live in the federal riding of Chicoutimi–Le Fjord?

  • IF NO: Unfortunately, this survey must be completed by Canadian citizens who lived in this riding and were eligible to vote in the June 18, 2018, by–election. THANK AND DISCONTINUE.
  • IF ANSWERS SPONTANEOUSLY THAT LIVED IN RIDING FOR ONLY PART OF REVISION PERIOD: Unfortunately, this survey must be completed by Canadian citizens who lived in this riding for the entire revision period (May 16, 2018, through June 18, 2018), and were eligible to vote in the June 18, 2018, by–election. THANK AND DISCONTINUE.
  • IF UNSURE: REVIEW LIST OF COMMUNITIES IN THE RIDING WITH RESPONDENT TO DETERMINE IF HE/SHE WAS A RESIDENT OF THE RIDING. IF SO, CONTINUE. IF NOT, DISCONTINUE USING LANGUAGE IN CODE 02. LIST OF COMMUNITIES ATTACHED.
  • IF UNSURE (2): INTERVIEWER TO USE ELECTIONS CANADA'S ONLINE VOTER INFORMATION SERVICE TO VERIFY RIDING BY POSTAL CODE (http://www.elections.ca/scripts/vis/finded).
    • 01     Yes
    • 02     No GO TO THNK2

Q1 know election

Did you know that a federal by–election took place on June 18, 2018, in your riding?

DO NOT READ

IF NO: confirm once again if the respondent was living in the federal district (i.e.: not just the city), using the geographic boundary description provided ("map")

  • 01     Yes
  • 02     No GO TO Q8
  • 98     Don't know GO TO Q8
  • 99     Refusal GO TO Q8

Q2 voted or not

Many people don't or can't vote for a variety of reasons. This is particularly true for by–elections, where voter turnout is often much lower than in general elections. Which of the lowing statement describes you?

  • 01     I did not vote in the election
  • 02     I thought about voting this time but didn't vote
  • 03     I usually vote but didn't this time
  • 04     I am sure I voted in the election

DO NOT READ

  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

Q3 reason no vote

Q2 IS 01 or 02 or 03

What is the main reason you did not vote?

DO NOT READ – CODE 1 ANSWER

Everyday life or health reasons

  • 01     Too busy
  • 02     Out of town
  • 03     Illness or disability

Political reasons

  • 04     Not interested in politics
  • 05     Lack of information about campaign issues and parties' positions
  • 06     Did not like candidates / parties / campaign
  • 07     Felt voting would not make a difference
  • 08     Did not know who to vote for

Electoral process–related reasons

  • 09     Could not prove identity or address
  • 10     Not on voters list
  • 11     Transportation problem / polling station too far
  • 12     Lack of information about the voting process (e.g. when/where to vote)
  • 13     Lineups were too long
  • 14     Issues with the voter information card

All other reasons

  • 15     Forgot to vote
  • 16     Religious or other beliefs
  • 17     Other reason (specify)
  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

Q3A missing ID

Q3 IS 09 (Failed ID Requirements)

Which pieces of identification or documentation were you missing?

READ IF NECESSARY – CODE UP TO 3 ANSWERS

  • 01     Document with your photo
  • 02     Document with your name
  • 03     Document with your address
  • 04     No identification pieces
  • 77     Other (specify)

DO NOT READ

  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

Q3B out of town

Q3 IS 02 (Out of town)

Were you out of town for work or personal reasons?

  • 01     Work
  • 02     Personal reasons
  • 03     Other (specify)

DO NOT READ

  • 99 Refusal

IF RESPONDENT ASKS WHY

Elections Canada is working to improve its services for electors who are out of town on voting days.

Q3C unplanned

Q3 IS 02 (out of town)

Would you say that your travel was planned or unplanned?

  • 01     Planned
  • 02     Unplanned

DO NOT READ

  • 99     Refusal

IF RESPONDENT ASKS WHAT IS MEANT BY UNPLANNED

This means that the trip was not planned in advance–for example, you knew that you were leaving less than a week before you left.

IF RESPONDENT ASKS WHY WE WANT TO KNOW

Elections Canada is working to improve its services for electors who are out of town on voting days.

PQ4

I would like to ask a few questions about the information you may have received in advance of the by–election.

Q4 VIC

During the campaign, did you receive a voter information card addressed to you personally and telling you where and when to vote?

DO NOT READ

  • 01     Yes
  • 02     No
  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

Q5 name on vic

Q4 IS 01

Was your name correct on the card you received?

DO NOT READ

  • 01     Yes
  • 02     No
  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

Q6 address on vic

Q4 IS 01

And was your address correct on the card?

DO NOT READ

  • 01     Yes
  • 02     No
  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

Q7 ensure registration

Q4 IS 02 OR 98 OR 99

What did you do to find out whether you were registered to vote in this by–election?

DO NOT READ. CODE UP TO 3 ANSWERS

INTERVIEWERS: IF RESPONDENT SAYS HE/SHE WENT ONLINE / CHECKED WEBSITE (CODE 04), ALSO PROBE FOR USE OF ONLINE VOTER REGISTRATION SERVICE (CODE 06).

  • 01     Did nothing
  • 02     Found out at the polling station/local Elections Canada Office
  • 03     Called 1 800 number of Elections Canada
  • 04     Consulted the Elections Canada website
  • 05     Informed the revising agent who came to my home
  • 06     Used Online Voter Registration Service on Elections Canada website
  • 07     Learned from revising agent who came to my home
  • 08     Learned from my voter information card
  • 77     Other (specify)
  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

PQ8

Now, I would like to ask you a few questions about voting in the by–election...

Q8 need to be registered

To the best of your knowledge, do electors need to be registered on the list of electors to vote in a Canadian federal election?

IF ASKED: This means that your name is on the list of electors.

DO NOT READ

  • 01     Yes
  • 02     No
  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

Q9A election day registration

IF Q8 IS 01

Electors must be registered to vote in a federal election. If an elector is not registered on election day and wants to vote, can they register at the polling place and then vote immediately er?

DO NOT READ

  • 01     Yes
  • 02     No
  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

Q9B election day registration

IF Q8 IS 02 (No), 98 (Don't know) OR 99 (Refusal)

Electors must be registered to vote in a federal election. If an elector is not registered on election day and wants to vote, can they register at the polling place and then vote immediately er?

DO NOT READ

  • 01     Yes
  • 02     No
  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

Q10

SPLIT SAMPLE 50/50

Q10A register online a

To the best of your knowledge, could electors use an Online Voter Registration Service on Elections Canada's website to check, update or complete their voter registration during the last ndash;election?

DO NOT READ

  • 01     Yes
  • 02     No
  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

Q10B register online b

To the best of your knowledge, is it possible for Canadian electors to check, update or complete their voter registration on Elections Canada's website?

DO NOT READ

  • 01     Yes
  • 02     No
  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

Q11 possible places to vote

At federal elections, is it possible for Canadian electors to vote... [READ ALL]

  • A     At the advance polling station
  • B     At the local Elections Canada office before election day
  • C     By mail

DO NOT READ

  • Yes
  • No
  • Don't know
  • Refusal

IF RESPONDENT ASKS FOR CLARIFICATION REGARDING ANSWER B "AT THE LOCAL ELECTIONS CANADA OFFICE"

Whenever there is an election, the official in charge of conducting the election in a riding opens an office. That office is open to the public for the duration of the campaign. Is it possible to vote there?

Q12 where did you vote

Q2 IS 04

Which method did you use to vote? Was it...

READ IN ORDER UNTIL RESPONDENT PROVIDES A RESPONSE – CODE ONE ANSWER ONLY

  • 01     At the polling station on election day on June 18, 2018?
  • 02     At the advance polling station (on June 8, 9, 10 or 11, 2018)?
  • 03     At the local Elections Canada office before election day?
  • 04     By mail?
  • 05     At home (if disabled)

DO NOT READ

  • 77     Other (specify)
  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

IF RESPONDENT ASKS FOR CLARIFICATION AT ANSWER 03 "AT THE LOCAL ELECTIONS CANADA OFFICE"

Whenever there is an election, the official in charge of conducting the election in a riding opens an office. That office is open to the public for the duration of the campaign. Did you vote there before election day?

Q13 easy to vote

Q2 IS 04

Q12 IS NOT 98 or 99

Overall, how easy was it to vote? Would you say it was...?

READ

  • 01     Very easy
  • 02     Somewhat easy
  • 03     Somewhat difficult
  • 04     Very difficult

DO NOT READ

  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

Q14

SPLIT SAMPLE 50/50 BETWEEN Q14A and Q14B+Q15

Q14A proof id address

In order to vote at a federal election, must electors provide...

  • 01     A proof of identity
  • 02     A proof of address
  • 03     Both
  • 04     Neither

DO NOT READ

  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

Q14B proof ID

RANDOM ROTATE Q14B WITH Q15 – PLEASE USE A FLAG VARIABLE FOR IDENTIFICATION OF 1st AND 2nd

To the best of your knowledge, do voters have to present a proof of IDENTITY in order to vote in a Canadian federal election?

DO NOT READ

  • 01     Yes
  • 02     No
  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

Q15 proof address

RANDOM ROTATE Q15 WITH Q14B – PLEASE USE A FLAG VARIABLE FOR IDENTIFICATION OF 1st AND 2nd

To the best of your knowledge, do voters have to present a proof of ADDRESS in order to vote in a Canadian federal election?

DO NOT READ

  • 01     Yes
  • 02     No
  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     
  • Q1 IS 02 OR 98 or 99; GO TO PS1 (SOCIO–DEMOGRAPHIC)
  • Q12 IS 04, 05, 77, 98 OR 99; GO TO PQ28
  • Q2 IS 01 or 02 or 03; GO TO PQ28
  • Q2 IS 04

Q16 easy proof id

Overall, how easy was it to meet the identification requirements? Would you say that it was...?

READ SCALE. NOTE: THIS QUESTION REFERS TO RESPONDENT'S OWN EXPERIENCE

  • 01     Very easy
  • 02     Somewhat easy
  • 03     Somewhat difficult
  • 04     Very difficult

DO NOT READ

  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

Q17 distance to poll

Was the (answer underline at Q12: 01 polling station, 02 advance polls, 03 local Elections Canada office) at a convenient distance from your home?

DO NOT READ

  • 01     Yes
  • 02     No
  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

Q18 difficulty reaching building

INSERT BASED ON Q12 RESPONSE OF 1, 2 OR 3

  • 1 = polling station
  • 2 = advance polling stations
  • 3 = local Elections Canada office
  • Did you have any difficulty reaching the building?

DO NOT READ. QUESTION REFERS TO DIFFICULTY GETTING TO THE BUILDING.

  • 01     Yes
  • 02     No
  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

Q18B what was difficult

Q18 IS 01

Could you briefly describe the main difficulty in reaching the (answers underlined at Q12: 01 polling station, 02 advance polling station or 03 local Elections Canada office)?

DO NOT READ – CODE UP TO 3 ANSWERS

  • 01     Physical accessibility
  • 02     Polling station address difficult to find
  • 03     Room inside the building difficult to find
  • 04     Not enough parking
  • 05     Wrong information on my voter information card (i.e., wrong polling station address)
  • 06     Imprecise signage (interior / exterior)
  • 77     Other (specify)
  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

Q19 building adequate

Would you say that the building where you voted was...?

READ SCALE

  • 01     Very suitable
  • 02     Somewhat suitable
  • 03     Not very suitable
  • 04     Not suitable at all

DO NOT READ

  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

Q20 signage

Once inside, were there enough signs to help you find where to go for voting?

DO NOT READ

  • 01     Yes
  • 02     No
  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

Q21 bring VIC

Did you bring your voter information card with you to the (answer underlined at Q12: 01 polling station, 02 advance polling station or 03 local Elections Canada office)?

DO NOT READ. CODE ONE ANSWER ONLY

  • 01     Yes
  • 02     No
  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

Q22 vote schedule

Do you remember approximately what time it was when you went to vote?

DO NOT READ

IF Q12 = 01 election day

READ ONLY IF NECESSARY; CODE ONLY ONE RESPONSE

  • 01     NA: Opening hours start at 8:30 a.m.
  • 02     Between 8:30 and 9 a.m.
  • 03     Between 9 and 10 a.m.
  • 04     Between 10 and 11 a.m.
  • 05     Between 11 and noon
  • 06     Between noon and 1 p.m.
  • 07     Between 1 and 2 p.m.
  • 08     Between 2 and 3 p.m.
  • 09     Between 3 and 4 p.m.
  • 10     Between 4 and 5 p.m.
  • 11     Between 5 and 6 p.m.
  • 12     Between 6 and 7 p.m.
  • 13     Between 7 and 8 p.m.
  • 14     Between 8 and 8:30 p.m.
  • 15     NA: Closing of the polls is at 8:30 p.m.
  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

IF Q12 = 02 Advance polls

READ ONLY IF NECESSARY; CODE ONLY ONE RESPONSE

  • 01     NA: Opening hours start at 12 p.m.
  • 02     NA: Opening hours start at 12 p.m.
  • 03     NA: Opening hours start at 12 p.m.
  • 04     NA: Opening hours start at 12 p.m.
  • 05     NA: Opening hours start at 12.p.m.
  • 06     Between noon and 1 p.m.
  • 07     Between 1 and 2 p.m.
  • 08     Between 2 and 3 p.m.
  • 09     Between 3 and 4 p.m.
  • 10     Between 4 and 5 p.m.
  • 11     Between 5 and 6 p.m.
  • 12     Between 6 and 7 p.m.
  • 13     Between 7 and 8 p.m. inclusively
  • 14     NA: Closing of the polls is at 8 p.m.
  • 15     NA: Closing of the polls is at 8 p.m.
  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

Q22A weekday or weekend

IF Q12 = 03 (Local EC Office)

The local Elections Canada offices have different schedules on different days. Do you remember if you voted on a weekday or on a weekend?

DO NOT READ

  • 01     Weekday
  • 02     Weekend
  • 99     Refusal

IF RESPONDENT DOES NOT REMEMBER, CODE UNDER WEEKDAY.

IF Q22A = 01 or 99 (Weekday or Refusal)

READ ONLY IF NECESSARY; CODE ONLY ONE RESPONSE

  • 01     NA: Opening hours start at 9 a.m.
  • 02     NA: Opening hours start at 9 a.m.
  • 03     Between 9 and 10 a.m.
  • 04     Between 10 and 11 a.m.
  • 05     Between 11 and noon
  • 06     Between noon and 1 p.m.
  • 07     Between 1 and 2 p.m.
  • 08     Between 2 and 3 p.m.
  • 09     Between 3 and 4 p.m.
  • 10     Between 4 and 5 p.m.
  • 11     Between 5 and 6 p.m.
  • 12     Between 6 and 7 p.m.
  • 13     Between 7 and 8 p.m.
  • 14     Between 8 and 9 p.m.
  • 15     NA: Closing of the polls is at 9 p.m.
  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

IF Q22A = 02 Weekend

READ ONLY IF NECESSARY; CODE ONLY ONE RESPONSE

  • 01     NA: Opening hours start at 9 a.m.
  • 02     NA: Opening hours start at 9 a.m.
  • 03     Between 9 and 10 a.m.
  • 04     Between 10 and 11 a.m.
  • 05     Between 11 and noon
  • 06     Between noon and 1 p.m.
  • 07     Between 1 and 2 p.m.
  • 08     Between 2 and 3 p.m.
  • 09     Between 3 and 4 p.m.
  • 10     Between 4 and 5 p.m.
  • 11     Between 5 and 6 p.m.
  • 12     NA: Closing of the polls is at 6 p.m.
  • 13     NA: Closing of the polls is at 6 p.m.
  • 14     NA: Closing of the polls is at 6 p.m.
  • 15     NA: Closing of the polls is at 6 p.m.
  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

Q23 vote duration

To the best of your knowledge, how long did it take you to vote AT THE...Q12: 01 polling station, 02 advance polling station or 03 local Elections Canada office? This does not include travel time.

DO NOT READ; RECORD TIME IN MINUTES

  • 01     [Open–ended question]
  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

Q24 reasonable time

Would you say that this was a reasonable amount of time?

DO NOT READ. QUESTION REFERS TO TIME SPENT TO VOTE

  • 01     Yes
  • 02     No
  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

Q25 official language

Voters can choose to be served in either official language, English or French. In which language were you served?

DO NOT READ. CODE ONE ANSWER ONLY

  • 01     English
  • 02     French
  • 03     In both official languages (English and French)
  • 04     Other (specify)
  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

Q26 satisfied language

Were you satisfied with the official language in which you were served?

DO NOT READ

  • 01     Yes, satisfied
  • 02     No, not satisfied
  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

Q27 satisfied services

Overall, how satisfied were you with the services provided by Elections Canada staff when you voted? Would you say that they were...?

READ. QUESTION REFERS TO SERVICES PROVIDED BY ELECTIONS CANADA STAFF PRESENT AT THE Q12: 01 polling station, 02 advance polling station or 03 local Elections Canada office

  • 01     Very satisfied
  • 02     Somewhat satisfied
  • 03     Somewhat dissatisfied
  • 04     Very dissatisfied

DO NOT READ

  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

PQ28

I would now like to ask you some questions about the level of information that you received during this by–election...

Q28 well informed

Overall, how well informed did you feel you were about how, when and where to vote? Would you say that you were...?

READ SCALE

  • 01     Very informed
  • 02     Somewhat informed
  • 03     Somewhat uninformed
  • 04     Very uninformed

DO NOT READ

  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

Q29 EC advertising

During the election period, did you see, hear or read any advertising or communications from Elections Canada about how, when and where to vote in the by–election on e 18, 2018?

DO NOT READ

  • 01     Yes
  • 02     No
  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

Q29A where advertising

Q29 IS 01

Where did you see, hear or read about it?

DO NOT READ. SELECT ALL THAT APPLY (MULTIPLE MENTIONS). IF RESPONDENT SAYS "INTERNET," PROBE FOR SPECIFIC WEBSITES OR SOCIAL MEDIA.

  • 01     EC householder – brochure / leaflet (received in the mail)
  • 02     Voter information card (received in the mail addressed to the elector)
  • 03     Radio
  • 04     Screens in a Tim Hortons
  • 05     Newspaper
  • 06     Elections Canada website
  • 07     Word of mouth (friends, relatives, colleagues)
  • 08     Facebook
  • 09     Twitter
  • 10     YouTube
  • 11     Instagram
  • 12     Website other than Elections Canada website
  • 13     From candidates and political parties
  • 97     Other source, please specify
  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

Q30 EC website

Did you visit Elections Canada's website during the campaign?

DO NOT READ

  • 01     Yes
  • 02     No
  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

Q31 satisfied EC website

Q30 IS 01

Overall, how satisfied were you with the information on Elections Canada's website? Would you say that you were...?

READ SCALE

  • 01     Very satisfied
  • 02     Somewhat satisfied
  • 03     Somewhat dissatisfied
  • 04     Very dissatisfied

DO NOT READ

  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

Q32 contact EC

Did you contact Elections Canada during the campaign?

DO NOT READ

  • 01     Yes
  • 02     No
  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

Q33 satisfied contact EC

Q32 IS 01

Overall, how satisfied were you with the information provided when you contacted Elections Canada? Would you say that you were... ?

READ SCALE

  • 01     Very satisfied
  • 02     Somewhat satisfied
  • 03     Somewhat dissatisfied
  • 04     Very dissatisfied

DO NOT READ

  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

Q34 satisfied voting

Q2 IS 04

Overall, how satisfied were you with your voting experience? Would you say that you were...?

READ SCALE

  • 01     Very satisfied
  • 02     Somewhat satisfied
  • 03     Somewhat dissatisfied
  • 04     Very dissatisfied

DO NOT READ

  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

Q35 ran fairly

Thinking about the June 18, 2018, federal by–election, would you say that Elections Canada ran the election...?

EMPHASIZE "ELECTIONS CANADA"

READ SCALE

  • 01     Very fairly
  • 02     Somewhat fairly
  • 03     Somewhat unfairly
  • 04     Very unfairly

DO NOT READ

  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

Q36 trust results

What level of trust do you have in the accuracy of the election results in your riding? Is it...?

READ SCALE

  • 01     Very high
  • 02     Somewhat high
  • 03     Somewhat low
  • 04     Very low

DO NOT READ

  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

PS1

Before ending, I would like to ask you a few questions about you and your household for statistical purposes only. Please be assured that your answers will remain completely confidential.

S1 gender

For the purposes of this survey, could you please indicate your gender?

DO NOT READ.

  • 01     Male
  • 02     Female
  • 97     Other (specify)
  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

S2 language

What language do you speak most often at home?

  • 01     English
  • 02     French
  • 77     Other
  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

S3A visible minority

SPLIT SAMPLE 50/50

S3A visible minority a

Are you a member of a visible minority group?

DO NOT READ

  • 01     Yes
  • 02     No
  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

IF THE RESPONDENT DOESN'T KNOW WHAT THAT MEANS: Under the Employment Equity Act, visible minorities are people, other than Indigenous peoples, who are not white or Caucasian.

S3B visible minority b

Do you consider yourself to be a member of a visible minority group?

DO NOT READ

  • 01     Yes
  • 02     No
  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

S4 ethnic

Could you please tell me your ethnic background? For example, White, Asian, African, Latin American, etc.

DO NOT READ. ACCEPT ONLY ONE REPLY; USE 97 FOR MIXED / MULTIPLE ETHNICITIES.

Group Includes
01     White / Caucasian
  • English–Canadian
  • French–Canadian
  • Quebecois
  • and non–visible minority (includes English, Irish, Scottish, German, French, Italian)
02     Chinese
  • China
  • Hong Kong
  • Taiwan
03     East Asian
  • Japanese
  • Korean
04     South Asian / East Indian
  • Bangladeshi
  • Bengali
  • Bruneian
  • Gujarati
  • East Indian
  • Indo Pakistani
  • Mauritian
  • Mayotte
  • Mongolian
  • Pakistani
  • Punjabi
  • Singhalese
  • Sri Lankan
  • Tamil
05     East Asian
  • Vietnamese
  • Cambodian
  • Malaysian
  • Laotian
  • Indonesian
  • Singaporean
  • Burmese
  • Kampuchean
  • Thai
06     East Filipino
07     East Black (Africa, Caribbean)
  • Angolan
  • Anguillan
  • Antiguan
  • Aruba/Netherlands Antilles
  • Bahamian
  • Barbadian
  • Belizean
  • Beninese
  • Bermudan
  • Botswanan
  • Burkinabe
  • Burundian
  • Cameroonian
  • Cape Verde Islands
  • Cayman Islands
  • Central African
  • Chadian
  • Comoros Islands
  • Congolais
  • Dominican
  • Equatorial Guinean
  • Ethiopian
  • Gabonese
  • Gambian
  • Ghanaian
  • Grenadian
  • Guadeloupian
  • Guinean
  • Guinea–Bissauan
  • Guyanese
  • Haitian
  • Ivorian
  • Jamaican
  • Kenyan
  • Lesothan
  • Liberian
  • Malagasy
  • Malawian
  • Malian
  • Martinican / French Guiana
  • Montserratan
  • Mozambican
  • Namibian
  • Nevisitian
  • Nigerois
  • Nigerian
  • Rwandan
  • Vicentian / Grenadines
  • Saint Lucian
  • Senegalese
  • Trinidadian
  • Tobagonian
  • West Indian
  • other Caribbean
  • other African
08     Latin American
  • All Central and South American countries
  • Mexico
  • Cuba
  • Puerto Rico
09     West Asian / North African / Arab
  • Afghan
  • Algerian
  • Armenian
  • Bahrain
  • Bhutanese
  • Egyptian
  • Iranian
  • Iraqi
  • Israeli
  • Jordanian
  • Kurdish
  • Kuwaiti
  • Lebanese
  • Libyan
  • Maghrebi origins
  • Mauritanian
  • Moroccan
  • Nepalese
  • Omani
  • Palestinian
  • Yemenite
  • Saudi Arabian
  • Syrian
  • Turk
10     West Pacific Islands
  • Fijian
  • Melanesian
  • Micronesian
  • Polynesian
  • Tongan
  • Tuvaluan
  • Wake Island
  • Samoan
  • American Samoa
  • Coral Sea Islands Territory
  • Kiribatian
  • Nauruan
  • Norfolk Island
  • Northern Mariana Island
  • Tokelau
  • Pitcairn Islands
  • Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands
  • Vanuatuan
  • Wallis and Futuna Islands
  • Cook Islands
  • Johnston Atoll
  • Guam
  • Midway Islands
  • New Caledonian
11     Indigenous
  • First Nations
  • Métis
  • Inuit
  • 97     Other visible minorities or mixed ethnicity, please specify
    • RECORD ANSWER
  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

S4 country birth

In what country were you born?

INTERVIEWER: Specify place of birth according to current boundaries.

United Kingdom includes England, Scotland, Wales, the Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and Northern Ireland

DO NOT READ – ONE ANSWER ONLY

  • 01     Canada GO TO S6
  • 02     China
  • 03     Germany
  • 04     India
  • 05     Italy
  • 06     Philippines
  • 07     Poland
  • 08     Portugal
  • 09     United Kingdom
  • 10     United States
  • 11     Vietnam
  • 97     Other (SPECIFY:)
  • 98     Don't know GO TO S6
  • 99     Refusal GO TO S6

S5 year arrived canada

S4 IS NOT CANADA

In what year did you come to live in Canada?

RECORD 4–DIGIT YEAR

DO NOT READ

  • 01     YEAR
  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

S6 education

What is the highest level of education that you have reached?

DO NOT READ – CODE ONE ONLY

  • 01     Some elementary
  • 02     Completed elementary
  • 03     Some high school
  • 04     Completed high school
  • 05     Some community college/vocational/trade school/commercial/CEGEP
  • 06     Completed community college/vocational/trade school/ commercial/CEGEP
  • 07     Some university (No degree or diploma obtained)
  • 08     Completed university (Diploma or bachelor degree)
  • 09     Post–graduate university/professional school (Master's, PhD, or any professional degree)
  • 77     Other (specify)
  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

S7 occupation

Are you...?

READ SCALE

  • 01     Employed
  • 02     Self–employed
  • 03     Unemployed/currently looking for work
  • 04     A homemaker
  • 05     A student
  • 06     Retired
  • 97     Other (specify)

DO NOT READ

  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

S8 retirees who work

S7 IS 06 (retired)

As a retired person, do you sometimes work for pay on a part–time or full–time basis?

  • 01     Yes, part–time
  • 02     Yes, full–time
  • 03     No

DO NOT READ

  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

S9 workers who retired

SCR3 is 1953 AND S7 IS NOT 06 (retired)

At this time, do you consider yourself to be completely retired, semi–retired or not ired?

  • 01     Completely retired
  • 02     Partly or semi–retired
  • 03     Not retired

[DO NOT READ]

  • 98     Don't know/No answer
  • 99     Refusal

S10 marital

What is your marital status? Are you...

READ IN ORDER UNTIL RESPONDENT PROVIDES A RESPONSE – CODE ONE ANSWER ONLY

  • 01     Married
  • 02     Living common–law
  • 03     Widowed
  • 04     Separated
  • 05     Divorced
  • 06     Single, never married

DO NOT READ

  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

S11 household size

Including yourself, how many people usually live in your household?

DO NOT READ

  • 01     Number of people usually living in your household
  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

S12 kids

S11 IS 2 OR MORE

Are you the parent or guardian of any child under 5 years of age living at home with you?

DO NOT READ

  • 01     Yes
  • 02     No
  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

S13 income

Which of the following categories best corresponds to the total annual family income, before taxes, of all members in your household, for 2017?

EMPHASIZE FOCUS ON TOTAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME.

READ IN SEQUENCE – CODE ONE ONLY

  • 01     Below $30,000 
  • 02     $30,000 to just under $60,000
  • 03     $60,000 to just under $90,000
  • 04     $90,000 to just under $110,000
  • 05     $110,000 and over

DO NOT READ

  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

S14 discuss election

In general when there is an election, how often do you discuss issues related to the election in the following settings?

  • A     At home
  • B     (If S7 = 01 or 02 or 05, or if S8 = 01 or 02, or if S9 = 02 or 03) At work
  • C     With friends

READ

  • 01     Often
  • 02     Sometimes
  • 03     Rarely
  • 04     Never
  • 05     Not applicable

DO NOT READ

  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

S15 vote 2015

SCR3 IS MORE THAN 1900 AND LESS THAN 1997 OR SCR3 IS 1997 AND SCR3B IS LESS OR EQUAL TO October 19, 2015 OR SCR3 IS 00 OR SCR3B IS 00

Finally, we would like to know if you voted in the October 19, 2015, federal general election?

DO NOT READ

  • 01     YES
  • 02     No
  • 77     Other (specify)
  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

S16 postal code

And to help us better understand how results vary by region, may I have your postal code?

PROBE FOR FIRST THREE DIGITS IF REFUSAL

  • 01     First three digits
  • 98     Don't know
  • 99     Refusal

THNK

That completes the survey. Thank you for taking part. Your participation is appreciated.

THNK2

NOT ELIGIBLE TO COMPLETE SURVEY

Thank you for your cooperation! Based on the information you have provided, unfortunately you are not eligible to complete the remainder of this survey.