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Survey of Electors Following the February 25, 2019, By-elections in Outremont (Quebec), York–Simcoe (Ontario) and Burnaby South (British Columbia)

Appendix

Annex 1: Methodological Details

Sampling

Probability sampling was undertaken using random-digit dialling. To ensure that the sample was representative, and that the results reflected the distribution of electors by age and gender, the sample frame was based on Statistics Canada census data. Respondents were randomly selected using cellphone and landline samples in an effort to reach younger electors and to ensure cellphone-only households were included in the sampling frame. The landline sample was supplied by ASDE. The cellphone sample was supplied by Advanis (the firm responsible for data collection for this survey under subcontract to Phoenix SPI).

The same random-selection process was used for both the landline and the cellphone samples. In terms of the specific respondent in the household, interviewers asked to speak to an individual who was 18 years of age and older or a person in the household who had the most recent birthday. If that was not the initial individual answering the telephone, but another in the household, interviewers asked to speak to the eligible respondent. No selection procedures were used for the cellphone sample.

Once an appropriate adult was reached, voter eligibility was verified by the interviewer. To be eligible for the survey, respondents had to be Canadian citizens at least 18 years of age on polling day and to have had an address of ordinary residence in the electoral district from the first day of the revision period until election day.

Pre-test

To pre-test the questionnaire, respondents were first administered the survey and then asked a series of short, follow-up questions. The debrief following the survey provided an opportunity for respondents to offer feedback on the questionnaire. The follow-up questions were:

  • What's your overall impression of the survey ... was it clear and easy to understand? If not, why not?
  • Did the survey appear to be well organized? If not, why not?
  • Did any of the questions in the survey cause confusion? If so, which ones and why?
  • Could any of the questions be worded more clearly? If so, which ones and why? Do you have any suggestions to improve the way the question(s) is/are asked?
  • Do you have any other comments about the survey?

In total, 23 pre-test interviews were conducted by telephone on February 26, 2019. Respondents had the choice of participating in the official language of their choice. Ten pre-test interviews were completed in French and the rest in English. The pre-test interviews were digitally recorded and reviewed by Phoenix SPI team members and Elections Canada officials.

Overall, the questionnaire worked well, as was expected given that the questionnaire has been administered following previous by-elections. There was only one area of concern – a new question designed to capture electors' knowledge of the methods available to vote. The main challenge was eliciting responses without prompting respondents with so much information as to bias the results. After a careful review of the pre-test recordings, this question was restructured, and the briefing notes for interviewers were enhanced, to help interviewers correctly code responses. Specifically, a split-sample approach was used to test two different question formulations:

  • One subset of respondents was asked this question: Q11A Ways to vote: To the best of your knowledge, what are the current ways that electors can vote in a federal election? DO NOT READ – SELECT ALL THAT APPLY (MULTIPLE MENTIONS). PROBE CAREFULLY TO AVOID SUGGESTING ANSWERS WHICH WOULD GIVE AWAY THE LIST. AFTER EACH ANSWER, PROBE "Anything else?"
  • The other subset of respondents was asked two questions:
    • Q11B Ways to vote 1: If someone wants to vote in a federal election, how can they do so? Anything else? DO NOT READ – SELECT ALL THAT APPLY (MULTIPLE MENTIONS). IF SOMEONE SAYS "You go in person/At the polling station" CODE AS 01 AND ASK Q11C.
    • Q11C Ways to vote 2: Now let's say someone wants to vote but is not available on election day, are there ways to cast a ballot ahead of time? IF SOMEONE JUST SAYS "Yes," ASK "OK, how would you do that?"

Data Collection

All fieldwork was conducted using computer-assisted telephone interviewing technology. In an effort to minimize non-response bias, those who declined to complete the survey over the telephone were given the option to complete the survey online. Twelve respondents agreed to complete the survey online after having voter eligibility verified by the interviewer. However, none of them completed the online version. In total, 1,202 electors were interviewed by telephone. Based on a sample of this size, the overall results can be considered accurate to within ±2.8%, 19 times out of 20. The results for each electoral riding can be considered accurate to within ±4.9%, 19 times out of 20.

The following specifications applied:

  • The phone and online surveys were programmed in both French and English.
  • Interviews averaged 13 minutes in length.
  • All survey participants were informed that their participation is voluntary and that information collected is protected under the authority of the Privacy Act. They were also informed that the anonymized database of all responses could be shared with researchers who collaborate with Elections Canada.
  • Calling was conducted at different times of the day and the week to maximize the opportunity to establish contact.
  • Up to eight call-backs were attempted to reach potential respondents before a sample record was retired.
  • Interviewers mentioned in their introduction that the study was sponsored by Elections Canada.
  • The fieldwork was conducted from February 26 to March 12, 2019.

The data collection was conducted in accordance with the standards set out by industry associations as well as applicable federal legislation, including the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act, Canada's private-sector privacy law.

Response Rate

The following table presents information about the final call dispositions for this survey and calculation of the response rate:

Landline Cell Total
Total numbers attempted 36,889 13,743 50,636
Out of scope – Invalid 9,226 154 9,380
Unresolved (U) 12,920 10,034 22,954
No answer/answering machine 12,920 10,034 22,954
In-scope – Non-responding (IS) 11,019 2,567 13,586
Language barrier/illness/incapable 506 88 594
Call-back (respondent not available) 38 9 47
Refusal (household) 9,085 1,880 10,965
Refusal (respondent) 1,390 590 1,980
In scope – Responding units (R) 3,724 988 4,712
Completed interview 1,165 37 1,202
Terminate quota filled 232 0 232
NQ – Does not qualify 2,141 377 2,518
NQ – Citizenship 8 25 33
NQ – Age 0 4 4
NQ – Not in riding 178 545 723
Response rate 13.5% 7.3% 11.4%

The response rate formula is calculated as follows: [R = R/(U + IS + R)]. This means that the response rate is calculated as the number of responding units [R] divided by the number of unresolved [U] numbers plus in-scope [IS] non-responding households and individuals plus responding units [R].

Survey Weighting and Non-response Bias

To produce population estimates, the survey data were weighted to accurately reflect the age and gender distribution of eligible electors in the federal ridings. Specifically, the nested census populations of men and women residing in each federal electoral district who were 18–24, 25–34, 35–44, 45–64 and 65 or older (at the time of the research) were compiled as the weighting frame. The survey results were then compared to the same age and gender proportions to generate the survey weights. Any respondents who refused to provide their age were given a neutral weight so as not to skew the weighting proportions. Weights were based on 2016 Statistics Canada census data.

The table below shows the unweighted and weighted proportions for the variables used to create the weights:

Base Unweighted (%)
n = 1,202
Weighted (%)
n = 1,202
Gender
Male 41 50
Female 53 50
Non-binary/trans 0.3 0.3
Age
18 to 24 7 16
25 to 34 7 17
35 to 44 12 17
45 to 64 42 30
65 or older 33 21

Telephone surveys of the Canadian public often under-represent younger Canadians and overrepresent older Canadians. Previous by-election surveys have resulted in few 18-to-34-year-old electors in the final survey sample. To address this, the composition of the sample frame was adjusted to include a larger proportion of cellphones (because research shows younger Canadians are more likely to be reached on cellphones than on landlines). This strategy was successful when used for the surveys conducted following the June 18, 2018, by-election in Chicoutimi–Le Fjord and the December 3, 2018, by-election in Leeds–Grenville–Thousand Islands and Rideau Lakes.

This was not the case for the York–Simcoe, Burnaby South or Outremont ridings because they are geographically larger. The cellphone sample could not be targeted enough to reach electors in these specific ridings. As a result, younger electors (those under 45 years of age) were under-represented in the final survey sample, and older electors (those 45 years of age and older) were overrepresented. The survey weights correct for this issue. This serves to reduce bias resulting from survey non-response should it be present, but it does not necessarily eliminate it. If electors under 45 who responded to the survey differ in their views on the issues addressed in the study from those under 45 who did not respond to the survey, the age bias (if there is one) might have been magnified. It is not known, however, whether there is any such difference.

Annex 2: Survey Questionnaire

PINTRO

PHONE INTRO

Good afternoon/evening. My name is ... and I am calling from [...], a public opinion research company. Today we are conducting a study on behalf of Elections Canada. Please be assured that we are not selling or soliciting anything.

[IF ASKED]: The survey will take about 12 minutes to complete.

[IF ASKED ABOUT THE LEGITIMACY OF THE SURVEY]: If you would like to ensure that this survey is run by Elections Canada, you can call their toll-free number at 1-800-463-6868. Their hours of operation are Monday to Friday, from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. (Eastern time).

You can also contact Alethea Woods, from Phoenix Strategic Perspectives, at 613-260-1700, ext. 223.

[IF ASKED ABOUT THE NATIONAL DO NOT CALL LIST]: Calls made for the purpose of market research, polls or surveys are not considered telemarketing calls. Organizations making these types of calls are not required to register with the National Do Not Call List. The National Do Not Call List toll-free telephone number is 1-866-580-3625.

[IF ASKED ABOUT ELECTIONS CANADA]: The toll-free telephone number for Elections Canada is 1-800-463-6868. Their hours of operation are Monday to Friday, from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. (Eastern time).

A. LANDLINE PROTOCOL

I would like to speak to the person in your household who is a Canadian citizen, is at least 18 years old and who has had the most recent birthday. Would that be you?

IF PERSON SELECTED IS NOT AVAILABLE, ARRANGE TO CALL BACK.

IF PERSON SELECTED IS NOT AVAILABLE OVER INTERVIEW PERIOD, ASK FOR PERSON WITH NEXT MOST RECENT BIRTHDAY AND GO TO SCR1.

IF IN DOUBT, CONFIRM WHETHER RESPONDENT WOULD LIKE TO BE INTERVIEWED IN ENGLISH OR FRENCH.

PRIV

Please note that this call may be recorded for quality control or training purposes and all personal information collected will be held in strict confidence. Responses are used only for research and statistical purposes. The anonymized database of all responses may be shared with researchers who collaborate with Elections Canada.

SCR1

May I confirm that you are a Canadian citizen?

IF NO: This survey must be completed by Canadian citizens. Would there be someone in your household who is a Canadian citizen? IF YES, ASK TO SPEAK TO THAT PERSON.

  • 01 Yes
  • 02 No GO TO THNK2
SCR2

May I confirm that you were at least 18 years old on February 25, 2019?

IF NO: This survey must be completed by Canadian citizens who were at least 18 years old on February 25, 2019. Would there be someone in your household who was at least 18 years old on February 25, 2019? IF YES, ASK TO SPEAK TO THAT PERSON.

  • 01 Yes
  • 02 No GO TO THNK2
  • SCR3 age

In what year were you born?

  • 01
  • 00 Don't know/Refusal
  • SCR3B check eligibility 2015
SCR3 IS 1997

In what month and on what day were you born?

IF ASKED WHY: This is to verify whether you were eligible to vote in a federal election prior to the February 25, 2019, by-election.

RECORD THE TWO ANSWERS

  • SCR3 = Month:
  • SCR3A = Day:
  • 00 Don't know/Refusal

SCR4 residence

Between January 14 and February 25, 2019, did you live in the federal riding of {INSERT RIDING NAME}

IF NO: Unfortunately, this survey must be completed by Canadian citizens who lived in this riding and were eligible to vote in the February 25, 2019, by-election. THANK AND DISCONTINUE.

IF ANSWERS SPONTANEOUSLY THAT LIVED IN RIDING FOR ONLY PART OF REVISION PERIOD: Unfortunately, this survey must be completed by Canadian citizens who lived in this riding for the entire revision period (January 14 through February 25, 2019) and were eligible to vote in the February 25, 2019, by-election. THANK AND DISCONTINUE.

IF UNSURE: REVIEW LIST OF COMMUNITIES IN THE RIDING WITH RESPONDENT TO DETERMINE WHETHER HE/SHE WAS A RESIDENT OF THE RIDING. IF SO, CONTINUE. IF NOT, DISCONTINUE USING LANGUAGE IN CODE 02. LIST OF COMMUNITIES ATTACHED.

IF UNSURE (2): INTERVIEWER TO USE ELECTIONS CANADA'S ONLINE VOTER INFORMATION SERVICE TO VERIFY RIDING BY POSTAL CODE. (http://www.elections.ca/scripts/vis/finded).

  • 01 Yes
  • 02 No GO TO THNK2

B. CELL PROTOCOL

I would like to speak to someone who is a Canadian citizen and is at least 18 years old. Does that describe you?

IF PERSON IS NOT AVAILABLE, ARRANGE TO CALL BACK.

IF PERSON IS NOT AVAILABLE OVER INTERVIEW PERIOD, THANK AND DISCONTINUE.

IF IN DOUBT, CONFIRM WHETHER RESPONDENT WOULD LIKE TO BE INTERVIEWED IN ENGLISH OR FRENCH.

PRIV

Thank you. Please note that this call may be recorded for quality control or training purposes and all personal information collected will be held in strict confidence. Responses are used only for statistical purposes.

SCR1

May I confirm that you are a Canadian citizen?

  • IF NO: This survey must be completed by Canadian citizens. THANK AND DISCONTINUE.
  • 01 Yes
  • 02 No GO TO THNK2
SCR2

May I confirm that you were at least 18 years old on February 25, 2019?

  • IF NO: This survey must be completed by Canadian citizens who were at least 18 years old on February 25, 2019. THANK AND DISCONTINUE.
  • 01 Yes
  • 02 No GO TO THNK2
SCR3 age

In what year were you born?

  • 01
  • 00 Don't know/Refusal

SCR3B check eligibility 2015

SCR3 IS 1997

In what month and on what day were you born?

IF ASKED WHY: This is to verify whether you were eligible to vote in a federal election prior to the February 25, 2019, by-election.

RECORD THE TWO ANSWERS.

  • SCR3 = Month:
  • SCR3A = Day:
  • 00 Don't know/Refusal
  • SCR4 residence
Between January 14 and February 25, 2019, did you live in the federal riding of {INSERT RIDING NAME}?

IF NO: Unfortunately, this survey must be completed by Canadian citizens who lived in this riding and were eligible to vote in the February 25, 2019, by-election. THANK AND DISCONTINUE.

IF ANSWERS SPONTANEOUSLY THAT LIVED IN RIDING FOR ONLY PART OF REVISION PERIOD: Unfortunately, this survey must be completed by Canadian citizens who lived in this riding for the entire revision period (January 14 through February 25, 2019) and were eligible to vote in the February 25, 2019, by-election. THANK AND DISCONTINUE.

IF UNSURE: REVIEW LIST OF COMMUNITIES IN THE RIDING WITH RESPONDENT TO DETERMINE WHETHER HE/SHE WAS A RESIDENT OF THE RIDING. IF SO, CONTINUE. IF NOT, DISCONTINUE USING LANGUAGE IN CODE 02. LIST OF COMMUNITIES ATTACHED.

IF UNSURE (2): INTERVIEWER TO USE ELECTIONS CANADA'S ONLINE VOTER INFORMATION SERVICE TO VERIFY RIDING BY POSTAL CODE. (http://www.elections.ca/scripts/vis/finded).

  • 01 Yes
  • 02 No GO TO THNK2
Q1 know election

Did you know that a federal by-election took place on February 25, 2019, in your riding?

DO NOT READ

IF NO: Confirm once again whether the respondent was living in the federal district (i.e. not just the city) using the geographic boundary description provided ("map").

  • 01 Yes
  • 02 No GO TO Q8
  • 98 Don't know GO TO Q8
  • 99 Refusal GO TO Q8
Q2 voted or not

Many people don't or can't vote for a variety of reasons. This is particularly true for by-elections, where voter turnout is often much lower than in general elections. Which of the following statement describes you?

  • 01 I did not vote in the election
  • 02 I thought about voting this time but didn't vote
  • 03 I usually vote but didn't this time
  • 04 I am sure I voted in the election
  • DO NOT READ
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
Q3 reason no vote

Q2 IS 01 or 02 or 03

What is the main reason you did not vote?

DO NOT READ – CODE ONE ANSWER

Everyday life or health reasons

  • 01 Too busy
  • 02 Out of town
  • 03 Illness or disability

Political reasons

  • 04 Not interested in politics
  • 05 Lack of information about campaign issues and parties' positions
  • 06 Did not like candidates/parties/campaign
  • 07 Felt voting would not make a difference
  • 08 Did not know who to vote for

Electoral process–related reasons

  • 09 Could not prove identity or address
  • 10 Not on voters list
  • 11 Transportation problem/polling station too far
  • 12 Lack of information about the voting process (e.g. when/where to vote)
  • 13 Lineups were too long
  • 14 Issues with the voter information card

All other reasons

  • 15 Forgot to vote
  • 16 Religious or other beliefs
  • 17 Other reason (specify)
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal

Q3A missing ID

Q3 IS 09 (Failed ID requirements)

Which pieces of identification or documentation were you missing?

READ IF NECESSARY – CODE UP TO THREE ANSWERS

  • 01 Document with your photo
  • 02 Document with your name
  • 03 Document with your address
  • 04 No identification pieces
  • 77 Other (specify)
  • DO NOT READ
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
  • Q3B out of town
  • 3 IS 02 (Out of town)

Were you out of town for work or personal reasons?

  • 01 Work
  • 02 Personal reasons
  • 03 Other (specify)
  • DO NOT READ
  • 99 Refusal

IF RESPONDENT ASKS WHY

Elections Canada is working to improve its services for electors who are out of town on voting days.

Q3C unplanned

Q3 IS 02 (Out of town)

Would you say that your travel was planned or unplanned?

  • 01 Planned
  • 02 Unplanned
  • DO NOT READ
  • 99 Refusal

IF RESPONDENT ASKS WHAT IS MEANT BY UNPLANNED

This means that the trip was not planned in advance – for example, you knew that you were leaving less than a week before you left.

IF RESPONDENT ASKS WHY WE WANT TO KNOW

Elections Canada is working to improve its services for electors who are out of town on voting days.

Q3D too busy forced choice

IF Q3 IS 01

I noted that you were too busy to vote. If you had to choose, which of the following most closely reflects your situation? Would it be ...

READ; ROTATE ITEMS

  • 01 There isn't time in my normal daily schedule to vote
  • 02 Something unexpected came up, and I had to change my plans
  • 03 I had other priorities that day
  • 04 Other [open-ended]
  • DO NOT READ
  • 99 Refusal

PQ4

I would like to ask a few questions about the information you may have received in advance of the by-election.
Q4 VIC

During the campaign, did you receive a voter information card addressed to you personally and telling you where and when to vote?

DO NOT READ

  • 01 Yes
  • 02 No
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
Q5 name on VIC
Q4 IS 01

Was your name correct on the card you received?

DO NOT READ

  • 01 Yes
  • 02 No
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal

Q6 address on VIC

Q4 IS 01

And was your address correct on the card?

DO NOT READ

  • 01 Yes
  • 02 No
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal

Q7 ensure registration

Q4 IS 02 OR 98 OR 99

What did you do to find out whether you were registered to vote in this by-election?

DO NOT READ. CODE UP TO THREE ANSWERS

INTERVIEWERS: IF RESPONDENT SAYS HE/SHE WENT ONLINE / CHECKED WEBSITE (CODE 04), ALSO PROBE FOR USE OF ONLINE VOTER REGISTRATION SERVICE (CODE 06).

  • 01 Did nothing
  • 02 Found out at the polling station/local Elections Canada office
  • 03 Called 1 800 number of Elections Canada
  • 04 Consulted the Elections Canada website
  • 05 Informed the revising agent who came to my home
  • 06 Used Online Voter Registration Service on Elections Canada website
  • 07 Learned from revising agent who came to my home
  • 08 Learned from my voter information card
  • 77 Other (specify):
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
PQ8

Now, I would like to ask you a few questions about voting in the by-election ...

Q8 need to be registered

To the best of your knowledge, do electors need to be registered on the list of electors to vote in a Canadian federal election?

IF ASKED: This means that your name is on the list of electors.

DO NOT READ

  • 01 Yes
  • 02 No
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
Q9A election day registration

IF Q8 IS 01

You are right, electors must be registered to vote in a federal election. If an elector is not registered on election day and wants to vote, can they register at the polling place and then vote immediately after?

DO NOT READ

  • 01 Yes
  • 02 No
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
Q9B election day registration

IF Q8 IS 02 (No), 98 (Don't know) OR 99 (Refusal)

Actually, electors do need to be registered to vote in a federal election. If an elector is not registered on election day and wants to vote, can they register at the polling place and then vote immediately after?

DO NOT READ

  • 01 Yes
  • 02 No
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
Q10

SPLIT SAMPLE 50/50

Q10A register online a

To the best of your knowledge, could electors use an Online Voter Registration Service on Elections Canada's website to check, update or complete their voter registration during the last by-election?

DO NOT READ

  • 01 Yes
  • 02 No
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
Q10B register online b

To the best of your knowledge, is it possible for Canadian electors to check, update or complete their voter registration on Elections Canada's website?

DO NOT READ

  • 01 Yes
  • 02 No
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
Q11

SPLIT SAMPLE 50/50

Q11A ways to vote

To the best of your knowledge, what are the current ways that electors can vote in a federal election? DO NOT READ – SELECT ALL THAT APPLY (MULTIPLE MENTIONS). PROBE CAREFULLY TO AVOID SUGGESTING ANSWERS WHICH WOULD GIVE AWAY THE LIST. AFTER EACH ANSWER, PROBE, "Anything else?"

  • 01 In person at a polling station on election day
  • 02 At advance polls, in person
  • 03 By mail (either within Canada or outside Canada)
  • 04 At a local Elections Canada office/office of the returning officer, before election day
  • 05 At home (for electors with a disability)
  • 06 Mobile polls (including for members of Canadian Forces, prisons, long-term care facilities)
  • 97 Other, please specify
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal

NOTES:

IF RESPONDENT SIMPLY SAYS "POLLING STATION," PROBE, "Could you please be more specific – about when would that be?"

IF RESPONDENT SAYS "PRIOR TO ELECTION DAY," ASK FOR CLARIFICATION: "Could you please be more specific?" AS 02, 03 and 04 CAN BE PRIOR TO ELECTION DAY, SEE CHART.

IF RESPONDENT SAYS "ONLINE," PROBE TO FIND OUT WHETHER THEY REFER TO CASTING A VOTE ONLINE OR TO ORDERING A BALLOT KIT ONLINE TO VOTE BY MAIL.

IF RESPONDENT ASKS FOR CLARIFICATION REGARDING ANSWER B "AT THE LOCAL ELECTIONS CANADA OFFICE," say, "Whenever there is an election, the official in charge of conducting the election in a riding opens an office. That office is open to the public for the duration of the campaign. Is it possible to vote there?"

Way When How
On election day On election day (Monday, February 25) In person, at a polling station
Advance polls A full week before the election, from Friday to Monday In person, at a polling station
By mail From the day the election is called until the Tuesday (6 days) before the election By obtaining a special ballot kit:
  • online through the Elections Canada website
  • at an Elections Canada office
  • at any Canadian embassy, high commission or consulate
At a local Elections Canada office/office of the returning officer From the day the election is called until the Tuesday (6 days) before the election Electors can vote at any time during the campaign by going to an Elections Canada office. Common among those who are away for advance polls and polling day.
At home From the day the election is called until the Tuesday (6 days) before the election Elections Canada offers voting at home, in the presence of an election officer and a witness, for voters with a disability or an illness.
Mobile polls From the day the election is called until the Tuesday (6 days) before the election Mobile polls are set up to visit electors in difficult-to-reach locations, such as Canadian forces bases, prisons, long-term care facilities and very remote communities.
Q11B ways to vote

If someone wants to vote in a federal election, how can they do so? Anything else?

DO NOT READ – SELECT ALL THAT APPLY (MULTIPLE MENTIONS). IF SOMEONE SAYS, "You go in person/At the polling station," CODE AS 01 AND ASK Q11C.

  • 01 In person at a polling station on election day
  • 02 At advance polls, in person
  • 03 By mail (either within Canada or outside Canada)
  • 04 At a local Elections Canada office/office of the returning officer, before election day
  • 05 At home (for electors with a disability)
  • 06 Mobile polls (including for members of Canadian Forces and those in prisons or long-term care facilities)
  • 97 Other, please specify
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
Q11C ways to vote 2

Now let's say someone wants to vote but is not available on election day, are there ways to cast a ballot ahead of time? IF SOMEONE JUST SAYS "Yes," ASK "OK, how would you do that"?

  • 02 At advance polls, in person
  • 03 By mail (either within Canada or outside Canada)
  • 04 At a local Elections Canada office/office of the returning officer, before election day
  • 05 At home (for electors with a disability)
  • 06 Mobile polls (including for members of Canadian Forces and those in prisons or long-term care facilities)
  • 07 No
  • 97 Other, please specify
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
  • Q12 where did you vote
Q2 IS 04

Which method did you use to vote? Was it ...

READ IN ORDER UNTIL RESPONDENT PROVIDES A RESPONSE – CODE ONE ANSWER ONLY.

  • 01 At the polling station on election day on February 25, 2019?
  • 02 At the advance polling station (on February 15, 16, 17 and 18, 2019)?
  • 03 At the local Elections Canada office before election day?
  • 04 By mail?
  • 05 At home (if disabled)
  • DO NOT READ
  • 77 Other (specify)
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal

IF RESPONDENT ASKS FOR CLARIFICATION AT ANSWER 03 "AT THE LOCAL ELECTIONS CANADA OFFICE."

Whenever there is an election, the official in charge of conducting the election in a riding opens an office. That office is open to the public for the duration of the campaign. Did you vote there before election day?

IF RESPONDENTS SAY THEY VOTED ONLINE, ASK FOR CLARIFICATION. VOTERS WITH A DISABILITY CAN REGISTER ONLINE TO RECEIVE A BALLOT IN THE MAIL, WHICH CAN BE COMPLETED IN THEIR HOME AND MAILED IN. THESE MENTIONS SHOULD BE CODED AS: 05 – AT HOME.

Q13 easy to vote
Q2 IS 04
Q12 IS NOT 98 or 99

Overall, how easy was it to vote? Would you say it was ...?

  • READ
  • 01 Very easy
  • 02 Somewhat easy
  • 03 Somewhat difficult
  • 04 Very difficult
  • DO NOT READ
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
Q14

SPLIT SAMPLE 50/50 BETWEEN Q14A and Q14B+Q15

Q14A proof id address

In order to vote at a federal election, must electors provide ...

  • 01 A proof of identity
  • 02 A proof of address
  • 03 Both
  • 04 Neither
  • DO NOT READ
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
Q14B proof ID

RANDOM ROTATE Q14B WITH Q15 – PLEASE USE A FLAG VARIABLE FOR IDENTIFICATION OF 1st AND 2nd

To the best of your knowledge, do voters have to present a proof of IDENTITY in order to vote in a Canadian federal election?

DO NOT READ

  • 01 Yes
  • 02 No
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
Q15 proof address

RANDOM ROTATE Q15 WITH Q14B – PLEASE USE A FLAG VARIABLE FOR IDENTIFICATION OF 1st AND 2nd

To the best of your knowledge, do voters have to present a proof of ADDRESS in order to vote in a Canadian federal election?

DO NOT READ

  • 01 Yes
  • 02 No
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
Q1 IS 02 OR 98 or 99; GO TO PS1 (SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC)
Q12 IS 04, 05, 77, 98 OR 99; GO TO PQ28
Q2 IS 01 or 02 or 03; GO TO PQ28
Q2 IS 04

Q16 easy proof id

Overall, how easy was it to meet the identification requirements? Would you say that it was ...?

READ SCALE. NOTE: THIS QUESTION REFERS TO RESPONDENT'S OWN EXPERIENCE.

  • 01 Very easy
  • 02 Somewhat easy
  • 03 Somewhat difficult
  • 04 Very difficult
  • DO NOT READ
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
  • Q17 distance to poll

Was the (answer underline at Q12: 01 polling station, 02 advance polls, 03 local Elections Canada office) at a convenient distance from your home?

DO NOT READ

  • 01 Yes
  • 02 No
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal

Q18 difficulty reaching building

INSERT BASED ON Q12 RESPONSE OF 1, 2 OR 3
1 = polling station
2 = advance polling stations
3 = local Elections Canada office

Did you have any difficulty reaching the ?

DO NOT READ. QUESTION REFERS TO DIFFICULTY GETTING TO THE BUILDING.

  • 01 Yes
  • 02 No
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal

Q18B what was difficult

Q18 IS 01

Could you briefly describe the main difficulty in reaching the (answers underlined at Q12: 01 polling station, 02 advance polling station or 03 local Elections Canada office)?

DO NOT READ – CODE UP TO THREE ANSWERS

  • 01 Physical accessibility
  • 02 Polling station address difficult to find
  • 03 Room inside the building difficult to find
  • 04 Not enough parking
  • 05 Wrong information on my voter information card (e.g. wrong polling station address)
  • 06 Imprecise signage (interior/exterior)
  • 77 Other (specify)
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
Q19 building adequate

Would you say that the building where you voted was ...?

READ SCALE

  • 01 Very suitable
  • 02 Somewhat suitable
  • 03 Not very suitable
  • 04 Not suitable at all
  • DO NOT READ
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
Q20 signage

Once inside, were there enough signs to help you find where to go for voting?

DO NOT READ

  • 01 Yes
  • 02 No
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
Q21 bring VIC

IF Q4 IS 01

Did you bring your voter information card with you to the (answer underlined at Q12: 01 polling station, 02 advance polling station or 03 local Elections Canada office)?

DO NOT READ. CODE ONE ANSWER ONLY.

  • 01 Yes
  • 02 No
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
Q22 vote schedule

Do you remember approximately what time it was when you went to vote?

DO NOT READ

IF Q12 = 01 election day

READ ONLY IF NECESSARY; CODE ONLY ONE RESPONSE.

  • 01 NA: Opening hours start at 8:30 a.m.
  • 02 Between 8:30 and 9 a.m.
  • 03 Between 9 and 10 a.m.
  • 04 Between 10 and 11 a.m.
  • 05 Between 11 and noon
  • 06 Between noon and 1 p.m.
  • 07 Between 1 and 2 p.m.
  • 08 Between 2 and 3 p.m.
  • 09 Between 3 and 4 p.m.
  • 10 Between 4 and 5 p.m.
  • 11 Between 5 and 6 p.m.
  • 12 Between 6 and 7 p.m.
  • 13 Between 7 and 8 p.m.
  • 14 Between 8 and 8:30 p.m.
  • 15 NA: Closing of the polls is at 8:30 p.m.
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal

IF Q12 = 02 Advance polls

READ ONLY IF NECESSARY; CODE ONLY ONE RESPONSE.

  • 01 NA: Opening hours start at 12 p.m.
  • 02 NA: Opening hours start at 12 p.m.
  • 03 NA: Opening hours start at 12 p.m.
  • 04 NA: Opening hours start at 12 p.m.
  • 05 NA: Opening hours start at 12.p.m.
  • 06 Between noon and 1 p.m.
  • 07 Between 1 and 2 p.m.
  • 08 Between 2 and 3 p.m.
  • 09 Between 3 and 4 p.m.
  • 10 Between 4 and 5 p.m.
  • 11 Between 5 and 6 p.m.
  • 12 Between 6 and 7 p.m.
  • 13 Between 7 and 8 p.m. inclusively
  • 14 NA: Closing of the polls is at 8 p.m.
  • 15 NA: Closing of the polls is at 8 p.m.
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
Q22A weekday or weekend

IF Q12 = 03 (Local EC Office)

The local Elections Canada offices have different schedules on different days. Do you remember if you voted on a weekday or on a weekend?

DO NOT READ

  • 01 Weekday
  • 02 Weekend
  • 99 Refusal

IF RESPONDENT DOES NOT REMEMBER, CODE UNDER WEEKDAY.

IF Q22A = 01 or 99 (Weekday or Refusal)

READ ONLY IF NECESSARY; CODE ONLY ONE RESPONSE.

  • 01 NA: Opening hours start at 9 a.m.
  • 02 NA: Opening hours start at 9 a.m.
  • 03 Between 9 and 10 a.m.
  • 04 Between 10 and 11 a.m.
  • 05 Between 11 and noon
  • 06 Between noon and 1 p.m.
  • 07 Between 1 and 2 p.m.
  • 08 Between 2 and 3 p.m.
  • 09 Between 3 and 4 p.m.
  • 10 Between 4 and 5 p.m.
  • 11 Between 5 and 6 p.m.
  • 12 Between 6 and 7 p.m.
  • 13 Between 7 and 8 p.m.
  • 14 Between 8 and 9 p.m.
  • 15 NA: Closing of the polls is at 9 p.m.
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
IF Q22A = 02 Weekend

READ ONLY IF NECESSARY; CODE ONLY ONE RESPONSE.

  • 01 NA: Opening hours start at 9 a.m.
  • 02 NA: Opening hours start at 9 a.m.
  • 03 Between 9 and 10 a.m.
  • 04 Between 10 and 11 a.m.
  • 05 Between 11 and noon
  • 06 Between noon and 1 p.m.
  • 07 Between 1 and 2 p.m.
  • 08 Between 2 and 3 p.m.
  • 09 Between 3 and 4 p.m.
  • 10 Between 4 and 5 p.m.
  • 11 Between 5 and 6 p.m.
  • 12 NA: Closing of the polls is at 6 p.m.
  • 13 NA: Closing of the polls is at 6 p.m.
  • 14 NA: Closing of the polls is at 6 p.m.
  • 15 NA: Closing of the polls is at 6 p.m.
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
Q23 vote duration

To the best of your knowledge, how long did it take you to vote AT THE ... Q12: 01 polling station, 02 advance polling station or 03 local Elections Canada office? This does not include travel time.

DO NOT READ; RECORD TIME IN MINUTES.

  • 01 [Open-ended question]
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
Q24 reasonable time

Would you say that this was a reasonable amount of time?

DO NOT READ. QUESTION REFERS TO TIME SPENT TO VOTE.

  • 01 Yes
  • 02 No
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
Q25 official language

Voters can choose to be served in either official language, English or French. In which language were you served?

DO NOT READ. CODE ONE ANSWER ONLY.

  • 01 English
  • 02 French
  • 03 In both official languages (English and French)
  • 04 Other (specify)
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
Q26 satisfied language

Were you satisfied with the official language in which you were served?

DO NOT READ

  • 01 Yes, satisfied
  • 02 No, not satisfied
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
Q27 satisfied services

Overall, how satisfied were you with the services provided by Elections Canada staff when you voted? Would you say that they were ...?

READ. QUESTION REFERS TO SERVICES PROVIDED BY ELECTIONS CANADA STAFF PRESENT AT THE Q12: 01 polling station, 02 advance polling station or 03 local Elections Canada office.

  • 01 Very satisfied
  • 02 Somewhat satisfied
  • 03 Somewhat dissatisfied
  • 04 Very dissatisfied
  • DO NOT READ
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
Q27B – why dissatisfied

IF Q27 IS 03 OR 04

Is there a specific reason why you were not satisfied with the services provided by Elections Canada staff? [open-ended]

[IF ASKED ABOUT COMPLAINT MECHANISMS]: If you would like to lodge a complaint with Elections Canada, you can call their toll-free number at 1-800-463-6868. Their hours of operation are Monday to Friday, from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. (Eastern time). You can also use the contact form on their website, at www.elections.ca and click on Contact us in the right-hand corner.

PQ28

I would now like to ask you some questions about the level of information that you received during this by-election ...

Q28 well informed

Overall, how well informed did you feel you were about how, when and where to vote? Would you say that you were ...?

READ SCALE

  • 01 Very informed
  • 02 Somewhat informed
  • 03 Somewhat uninformed
  • 04 Very uninformed
  • DO NOT READ
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
Q29 SPLIT SAMPLE 50/50 BETWEEN Q29A/B and Q30A/D

Q29A EC advertising

During the election period, did you see, hear or read any advertising or communications from Elections Canada about how, when and where to vote in the by-election?

DO NOT READ

  • 01 Yes
  • 02 No
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
Q29B where advertising
Q29A IS 01 OR Q29D is 01

Where did you see, hear or read advertising from Elections Canada?

DO NOT READ. SELECT ALL THAT APPLY (MULTIPLE MENTIONS). IF RESPONDENT SAYS "INTERNET," PROBE FOR SPECIFIC WEBSITES OR SOCIAL MEDIA. IF RESPONDENT SAYS "SOCIAL MEDIA," PROBE FOR SPECIFIC MEDIA.

  • 01 EC householder – brochure/leaflet (received in the mail)
  • 02 Voter information card (received in the mail addressed to the elector)
  • 03 Radio
  • 04 Screens in a Tim Hortons
  • 05 Newspaper
  • 06 Elections Canada website
  • 07 Word of mouth (friends, relatives, colleagues)
  • 08 Facebook
  • 09 Twitter
  • 10 YouTube
  • 11 Instagram
  • 12 Website other than Elections Canada website (banner or pop-up ads)
  • 13 From candidates and political parties
  • 14 Television
  • 97 Other source, please specify
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal

Q30A to D advertising alternative

During the by-election campaign, have you seen or heard advertising from Elections Canada about where, when and how to vote:

ROTATE Q30A to Q30D

Q30A

... on social media such as Facebook, Twitter or Instagram?

DO NOT READ

  • 01 Yes
  • 02 No
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
Q30B

... when you were browsing or on a mobile application?

DO NOT READ. INCLUDES MENTIONS OF ONLINE NEWSPAPERS AND ARTICLES, "ON MY PHONE," WEATHER NETWORK.

  • 01 Yes
  • 02 No
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
Q30C

... on the radio?

DO NOT READ

  • 01 Yes
  • 02 No
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
Q30D

... in a local newspaper?

DO NOT READ

  • 01 Yes
  • 02 No
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
Q30E other

... in any other format?

DO NOT READ

  • 01 Yes [Open-ended question]
Q31 EC website

Did you visit Elections Canada's website during the campaign?

DO NOT READ

  • 01 Yes
  • 02 No
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal

Q32 satisfied EC website

Q31 IS 01

Overall, how satisfied were you with the information on Elections Canada's website? Would you say that you were ...?

READ SCALE

  • 01 Very satisfied
  • 02 Somewhat satisfied
  • 03 Somewhat dissatisfied
  • 04 Very dissatisfied
  • DO NOT READ
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
Q33 contact EC

Did you contact Elections Canada during the campaign?

DO NOT READ

  • 01 Yes
  • 02 No
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal

Q34 satisfied contact EC

Q33 IS 01

Overall, how satisfied were you with the information provided when you contacted Elections Canada? Would you say that you were ... ?

READ SCALE

  • 01 Very satisfied
  • 02 Somewhat satisfied
  • 03 Somewhat dissatisfied
  • 04 Very dissatisfied
  • DO NOT READ
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal

Q35 satisfied voting

Q2 IS 04

SPLIT SAMPLE

RANDOM ROTATE Q35A AND Q35B – PLEASE USE A FLAG VARIABLE FOR IDENTIFICATION OF 1st AND 2nd

Q35A bipolar

Overall, how satisfied were you with your voting experience? Would you say that you were ...?

READ SCALE

  • 01 Very satisfied
  • 02 Somewhat satisfied
  • 03 Somewhat dissatisfied
  • 04 Very dissatisfied
  • DO NOT READ
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
Q35B unipolar

Overall, how satisfied were you with your voting experience? Would you say that you were ...?

READ SCALE

  • 01 Very satisfied
  • 02 Somewhat satisfied
  • 03 Not very satisfied
  • 04 Not satisfied at all
  • DO NOT READ
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal

SPLIT SAMPLE 50/50 AS FOLLOWS:

  1. Split sample Q36A and Q36B
  2. Split sample Q37A and Q37B
  3. Randomize the order of those two questions; half get Q36 first, and half get Q37 first

PLEASE USE A FLAG VARIABLE FOR IDENTIFICATION OF THE SPLIT AND THE ORDER OF THE SPLIT (Q36 FIRST OR Q37 FIRST).

Q36A ran fairly this by-election

Thinking about the February 25, 2019, federal by-election, would you say that Elections Canada ran the election ...?

EMPHASIZE "ELECTIONS CANADA."

READ SCALE

  • 01 Very fairly
  • 02 Somewhat fairly
  • 03 Somewhat unfairly
  • 04 Very unfairly
  • DO NOT READ
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
Q36B ran fairly general

Thinking about federal by-elections in general, would you say that Elections Canada runs elections ...?

EMPHASIZE "ELECTIONS CANADA."

READ SCALE

  • 01 Very fairly
  • 02 Somewhat fairly
  • 03 Somewhat unfairly
  • 04 Very unfairly
  • DO NOT READ
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
Q36C why not trust
Q36A or 36B IS 03 or 04

Is there a specific reason as to why you think Elections Canada runs elections unfairly?

DO NOT READ

  • 01 [Open-ended question]
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
Q37A trust results

What level of trust do you have in the accuracy of the election results in your riding? Is it ...?

READ SCALE

  • 01 Very high
  • 02 Somewhat high
  • 03 Somewhat low
  • 04 Very low
  • DO NOT READ
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
Q37 B trust results with intro

At the end of a federal election, poll workers in each riding count ballots by hand and report the results to Elections Canada. What level of trust do you have in the accuracy of the election results? Is it ...?

READ SCALE

  • 01 Very high
  • 02 Somewhat high
  • 03 Somewhat low
  • 04 Very low
  • DO NOT READ
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
Q37C why not trust
Q37A or Q37B IS 03 or 04

Is there a specific reason as to why your level of trust is low when it comes to the accuracy of the election results in your riding?

DO NOT READ

  • 01 [Open-ended question]
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal

PS1

Before ending, I would like to ask you a few questions about you and your household for statistical purposes only. Please be assured that your answers will remain completely confidential.

S1 gender

For the purposes of this survey, could you please indicate your gender?

DO NOT READ.

  • 01 Male
  • 02 Female
  • 97 Other (specify)
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
S2 language

What language do you speak most often at home?

READ LIST

  • 01 English
  • 02 French
  • 77 Other:
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
S3 ethnic

Could you please tell me your ethnic background? For example, White/Caucasian, Asian, African, Latin American, etc.

DO NOT READ. ACCEPT ONLY ONE REPLY; USE 97 FOR MIXED/MULTIPLE ETHNICITIES.

Group Includes
01 White/Caucasian
  • English Canadian,
  • French Canadian,
  • Québécois
  • and non-visible minority (includes English, Irish, Scottish, German, French, Italian)
02 Chinese
  • China,
  • Hong Kong,
  • Taiwan
03 East Asian
  • Japanese,
  • Korean
04 South Asian/East Indian
  • Bangladeshi,
  • Bengali,
  • Bruneian,
  • Gujarati,
  • East Indian,
  • Indo-Pakistani,
  • Mauritian,
  • Mayotte,
  • Mongolian,
  • Pakistani,
  • Punjabi,
  • Singhalese,
  • Sri Lankan,
  • Tamil
05 South East Asian
  • Vietnamese,
  • Cambodian,
  • Malaysian,
  • Laotian,
  • Indonesian,
  • Singaporean,
  • Burmese,
  • Kampuchean,
  • Thai
06 Filipino
07 Black (Africa, Caribbean)
  • Angolan,
  • Anguillan,
  • Antiguan,
  • Aruba/Netherlands
  • Antilles,
  • Bahamian,
  • Barbadian,
  • Belizean,
  • Beninese,
  • Bermudan,
  • Botswanan,
  • Burkinabe, B
  • urundian,
  • Cameroonian,
  • Cape Verde Islands,
  • Cayman Islands,
  • Central African,
  • Chadian,
  • Comoros Islands,
  • Congolais,
  • Dominican,
  • Equatorial Guinean,
  • Ethiopian,
  • Gabonese,
  • Gambian,
  • Ghanaian,
  • Grenadian,
  • Guadeloupian,
  • Guinean,
  • Guinea-Bissauan,
  • Guyanese,
  • Haitian,
  • Ivorian,
  • Jamaican,
  • Kenyan,
  • Lesothan,
  • Liberian,
  • Malagasy,
  • Malawian,
  • Malian,
  • Martinican/French Guiana,
  • Montserratan,
  • Mozambican,
  • Namibian,
  • Nevisitian,
  • Nigerois,
  • Nigerian,
  • Rwandan,
  • Vicentian/Grenadines,
  • Saint Lucian,
  • Senegalese,
  • Trinidadian,
  • Tobagonian,
  • West Indian,
  • other Caribbean,
  • other African
08 Latin American
  • All Central and South American countries,
  • Mexico,
  • Cuba,
  • Puerto Rico
09 West Asian/North African/Arab
  • Afghan,
  • Algerian,
  • Armenian,
  • Bahrain,
  • Bhutanese,
  • Egyptian,
  • Iranian,
  • Iraqi,
  • Israeli,
  • Jordanian,
  • Kurdish,
  • Kuwaiti,
  • Lebanese,
  • Libyan,
  • Maghrebi origins,
  • Mauritanian,
  • Moroccan,
  • Nepalese,
  • Omani,
  • Palestinian,
  • Yemenite,
  • Saudi Arabian,
  • Syrian,
  • Turk
10 Pacific Islands
  • Fijian,
  • Melanesian,
  • Micronesian,
  • Polynesian,
  • Tongan,
  • Tuvaluan,
  • Wake Island,
  • Samoan,
  • American Samoa,
  • Coral Sea Islands
  • Territory,
  • Kiribatian,
  • Nauruan,
  • Norfolk Island,
  • Northern Mariana Island,
  • Tokelau,
  • Pitcairn Islands,
  • Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands,
  • Vanuatuan, Wallis and Futuna Islands,
  • Cook Islands,
  • Johnston Atoll,
  • Guam,
  • Midway Islands,
  • New Caledonian
11 Indigenous
  • First Nations / Métis / Inuit
97 Other visible minorities or mixed ethnicity; please specify RECORD
98 Don't know
99 Refusal

SPLIT SAMPLE 50/50

S4A visible minority a

Are you a member of a visible minority group?

DO NOT READ

  • 01 Yes
  • 02 No
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal

IF THE RESPONDENT DOESN'T KNOW WHAT THAT MEANS: Under the Employment Equity Act, visible minorities are people, other than Indigenous peoples, who are not white or Caucasian.

S4B visible minority b

Do you consider yourself to be a member of a visible minority group?

DO NOT READ

  • 01 Yes
  • 02 No
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
S5 country of birth

In what country were you born?

INTERVIEWER: Specify place of birth according to current boundaries.

United Kingdom includes England, Scotland, Wales, the Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and Northern Ireland

DO NOT READ – ONE ANSWER ONLY

  • 01 Canada GO TO S6
  • 02 China
  • 03 Germany
  • 04 India
  • 05 Italy
  • 06 Philippines
  • 07 Poland
  • 08 Portugal
  • 09 United Kingdom
  • 10 United States
  • 11 Vietnam
  • 97 Other (SPECIFY: )
  • 98 Don't know GO TO S6
  • 99 Refusal GO TO S6

S6 year arrived Canada

S5 IS NOT 01 CANADA

In what year did you come to live in Canada?

RECORD FOUR-DIGIT YEAR

DO NOT READ

  • 01 <YEAR>
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal

S7 DEMOCRACY in home country

S4 IS NOT 01 CANADA

Thinking about your country of origin at the time that you left, would you say that this country was ...

READ LIST

  • 01 Very democratic
  • 02 Somewhat democratic
  • 03 Not very democratic
  • 04 Not democratic at all
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
S9 education

What is the highest level of education that you have reached?

DO NOT READ – CODE ONE ONLY

  • 01 Some elementary
  • 02 Completed elementary
  • 03 Some high school
  • 04 Completed high school
  • 05 Some community college/vocational/trade school/commercial/CEGEP
  • 06 Completed community college/vocational/trade school/ commercial/CEGEP
  • 07 Some university (No degree or diploma obtained)
  • 08 Completed university (Diploma or bachelor degree)
  • 09 Post-graduate university/professional school (master's, PhD or any professional degree)
  • 77 Other (specify)
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
S10 occupation

How would you describe your current employment status?

IF RESPONDENT IS UNCLEAR ABOUT THE QUESTION

Are you, for example, employed, retired, in school, unable to work? This includes part-time and temporary occupations.

DO NOT READ SCALE. code up to 2 responses.

PROBE AS NEEDED TO CONFIRM WHETHER THE RESPONDENT IS EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED.

  • 01 Employed full-time (35 or more hours per week)
  • 02 Employed part-time (less than 35 hours per week)
  • 03 Self-employed full time (35 or more hours per week)
  • 04 Self-employed part-time (less than 35 hours per week)
  • 05 Retired
  • 06 A full-time student
  • 07 A part-time student
  • 08 Unemployed, but looking for work (includes seasonal leave)
  • 09 Permanently unable to work (long-term disability)
  • 10 Temporarily not working (include absence due to illness, parental leave, short-term disability, vacation or labour dispute)
  • 11 A homemaker or caregiver
  • 12 Other
S11 disability functional

How often do you have to limit your daily activities due to a physical condition, to pain or to a mental health issue?

READ LIST

  • 01 Never
  • 02 Sometimes
  • 03 Often
  • 04 Always
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
S12 disability ID

Do you identify as having a disability?

DO NOT READ

  • 01 Yes
  • 02 No
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
S13 marital

What is your marital status? Are you ...

READ IN ORDER UNTIL RESPONDENT PROVIDES A RESPONSE – CODE ONE ANSWER ONLY.

  • 01 Married
  • 02 Living common-law
  • 03 Widowed
  • 04 Separated
  • 05 Divorced
  • 06 Single, never married
  • DO NOT READ
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
S14 household size

Including yourself, how many people usually live in your household?

DO NOT READ

  • 01
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
S15 kids
S14 IS 2 OR MORE

Are you the parent or guardian of any child under 5 years of age living at home with you?

DO NOT READ

  • 01 Yes
  • 02 No
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
S16 income

Which of the following categories best corresponds to the total annual family income, before taxes, of all members in your household, for 2017?

EMPHASIZE FOCUS ON TOTAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME.

READ IN SEQUENCE – CODE ONE ANSWER ONLY.

  • 01 Below $30,000
  • 02 $30,000 to just under $60,000
  • 03 $60,000 to just under $90,000
  • 04 $90,000 to just under $110,000
  • 05 $110,000 and over
  • DO NOT READ
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
S17 vote 2015
SCR3 IS MORE THAN 1900 AND LESS THAN 1997 OR SCR3 IS 1997 AND SCR3B IS LESS THAN OR EQUAL TO October 19, 2015, OR SCR3 IS 00 OR SCR3B IS 00

Finally, we would like to know if you voted in the October 19, 2015, federal general election?

DO NOT READ

  • 01 YES
  • 02 No
  • 77 Other (specify)
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal
S18 postal code

And to help us better understand how results vary by region, may I have your postal code?

PROBE FOR FIRST THREE DIGITS IF REFUSAL.

  • 01
  • 98 Don't know
  • 99 Refusal

THNK

That completes the survey. Thank you for taking part. Your participation is appreciated.

THNK2

NOT ELIGIBLE TO COMPLETE SURVEY

Thank you for your cooperation! Based on the information you have provided, unfortunately you are not eligible to complete the remainder of this survey.