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Survey of Electors Following the April 3, 2017, By-elections in Calgary Heritage (Alberta), Calgary Midnapore (Alberta), Markham–Thornhill, (Ontario), Ottawa–Vanier (Ontario) and Saint-Laurent (Quebec)

Profile of Survey Respondents

Age and Gender

Age Unweighted
n
Unweighted
%
Weighted
n
Weighted
%
1834 116 5.8 572 28.6
3554 535 26.8 700 35.0
55+ 1,242 62.1 621 31.1
Refusal 107 5.4 107 5.3
Total 2,000 100 2,000 100

Gender Unweighted
n
Unweighted
%
Weighted
n
Weighted
%
Male 983 49.2 960 48.0
Female 1,016 50.8 1,040 52.0
Not sure 1 .1 1 .0
Total 2,000 100 2,000 100

*Note that results may not add up to 100 percent or 2,000 due to rounding.

Employment Status

Q. Are you...?
Unweighted
n
Unweighted
%
Weighted
n
Weighted
%
Employed 710 35.5 955 47.8
Self-employed 219 11.0 203 10.1
Unemployed/currently looking for work 87 4.4 130 6.5
A homemaker 64 3.2 89 4.5
A student 29 1.5 114 5.7
Retired 845 42.3 461 23.0
On disability/medical leave 13 .7 12 .6
Other 20 1.0 24 1.2
Refusal 13 .7 12 .6
Total 2,000 100 2,000 100

*Note that results may not add up to 100 percent or 2,000 due to rounding.

Education

Q. What is the highest level of education that you have reached?
Unweighted
n
Unweighted
%
Weighted
n
Weighted
%
Some elementary 10 .5 7 .3
Completed elementary 13 .7 8 .4
Some high school 82 4.1 79 4.0
Completed high school 281 14.1 271 13.6
Some college/vocational/trade school/commercial/CEGEP 87 4.4 95 4.7
Completed college/vocational/trade school/commercial/CEGEP 322 16.1 350 17.5
Some university (No degree or diploma obtained) 108 5.4 119 5.9
Completed university (Diploma or bachelor degree) 699 35.0 731 36.5
Post-graduate university/professional school 351 17.6 301 15.0
Other 10 .5 7 .3
Don't know 8 .4 7 .3
Refusal 29 1.5 27 1.3
Total 2,000 100 2,000 100

*Note that results may not add up to 100 percent or 2,000 due to rounding.

Household Income

Q. Which of the following categories best corresponds to the total annual household income, before taxes, of all members in your household, for 2016?
Unweighted
n
Unweighted
%
Weighted
n
Weighted
%
Below $30,000 206 10.3 192 9.6
$30,000 to just under $60,000 326 16.3 307 15.3
$60,000 to just under $90,000 332 16.6 317 15.8
$90,000 to just under $110,000 190 9.5 238 11.9
$110,000 and over 525 26.3 582 29.1
Don't know 61 3.1 87 4.3
Refusal 360 18.0 278 13.9
Total 2,000 100 2,000 100

*Note that results may not add up to 100 percent or 2,000 due to rounding.