Table of Contents – A History of the Vote in Canada
British North America, 1758–1866
Voting rights and practices evolve from the beginnings of responsible government in the British colonies that would become Canada.
Uneven Progress, 1867–1919
Control of the federal franchise shifts between the federal and provincial governments, and gender restrictions on the right to vote are removed.
Administration of federal elections is centralized, and access to the vote is expanded as restrictions on religious and racial minorities as well as on Inuit and First Nations peoples are lifted.
Advancing Fairness, Transparency and Integrity, 1982–2020
The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms provides a new constitutional basis for addressing barriers to voting, and measures are taken to regulate election finances and the activities of political entities.
- Home and Search
- Chapter 1 British North America 1758–1866
- Legislative Assemblies and Responsible Government
- The Great Britain of George III
- Nova Scotia: Cradle of Canadian Parliamentary Government
- Prince Edward Island: A "Landless" Colony
- Cape Breton: A Colony Without Voters
- New Brunswick: A Fragmented Colony
- Lower Canada: A British Colony Unlike the Others
- Upper Canada: The Era of the Family Compact
- A Right in Jeopardy
- The Province of Canada: Changing Rules Reflect Instability
- British Columbia: The Importance of Being British
- Voters and Confederation
- Chapter 2 Uneven Progress 1867–1919
- Chapter 3 Modernization 1920–1981
- The Dominion Elections Act of 1920
- The Second World War and Its Aftermath
- Consolidation and Review, 1961 – 1981
- Chapter 4 Advancing Fairness, Transparency and Integrity, 1982–2020
- The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
- The Vote and the Voting Process
- Extending the Regulation of Political Financing
- Electoral Programs and Services