Redistribution of Federal Electoral Districts 2022
The Constitution of Canada requires that federal electoral districts be reviewed after each decennial (10-year) census to reflect changes and movements in Canada's population. As a result of the review, electoral district boundaries might be changed and new districts created.
The most recent federal redistribution process began in October 2021. First, the Chief Electoral Officer was tasked with applying the representation formula set out in the Constitution to recalculate how many members of Parliament (MPs) needed to be assigned to each province, and the new calculation was published in the Canada Gazette. The process of redistribution was then turned over to independent electoral boundaries commissions, which worked separately in each province to review the electoral boundaries and revise them, if necessary.
More on the redistribution
Elections Canada is also responsible for providing administrative and technical support to the commissions. More information about Elections Canada's role can be found here.
On June 23, 2022, Parliament amended the representation formula. The revised legislation ensures that every province retains at least the same number of MPs that it had previously been assigned–in other words, the number who were elected in 2019.
The decennial redistribution for the 2020s exceptionally required two Representation Orders, one for Quebec and another that covered the other nine provinces. In September 2023, the new Representation Orders were published in the Canada Gazette.
The new electoral districts will come into effect, for each province, with the first general election that is called at least seven months after their respective Representation Order is issued (on or after April 23, 2024).
Redistribution is not required for Nunavut, Northwest Territories or Yukon because each territory consists of a single federal electoral district.
- Administrative Consolidation – 2023 Representation Orders
- List of 343 new electoral districts
- Find your future electoral district
- Redistribution and Political Financing–What redistribution means for regulated entities
- 2022 Redistribution website
- Timeline for the 2022 Redistribution of Federal Electoral Districts
- The role of Elections Canada
- The role of electoral boundaries commissions
- Frequently asked questions
- The representation formula
- House of Commons seat allocation by province following the 2021 census