Impact of COVID-19
Updated on November 2, 2020
Elections Canada is closely monitoring the COVID-19 pandemic and its evolving impact. As part of its readiness activities, the agency has been developing a new operational plan to deliver an election in the context of a pandemic.
The health and safety of all participants in the electoral process is of paramount importance: this includes electors, thousands of election workers, and candidates and their workers. As a result, Elections Canada is reviewing its procedures and internal capacity in order to prepare for the delivery of an accessible, safe and secure election.
- Changes in the context of a pandemic
- Approach to a possible fall election
- Working group
- Information sharing and monitoring the electoral environment
- Communicating with Canadians
- Contact us
Changes in the context of a pandemic
The Canada Elections Act contemplates elections where electors are offered a range of voting options, including voting on election day or at an advance poll, voting by mail or voting at an Elections Canada office. While these options will remain available, the pandemic will have an impact on how they can be delivered.
Following careful internal analysis, the Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) and his team have approved a series of administrative changes that Elections Canada is progressively implementing as they become operationally ready. The changes aim at maintaining the safety and integrity of the electoral process.
These changes and measures include but are not limited to:
- Implementing physical distancing and other public health guidelines at polling places and local Elections Canada offices.
- Procuring masks and single-use pencils to be provided to electors should they be necessary. Electors will also have the option to bring their own mask and pencil.
- Changing the agency's model of operations at the polls to reduce the number of workers needed and, thus, facilitate physical distancing.
- Establishing a new business model with Canada Post that includes envelopes with pre-paid postage for returning mail-in ballots.
- Increasing the capacity and convenience of the vote-by-mail system to meet a potential increase in demand for this service. An increased volume of mail-in ballots could delay the release of election results.
- Cancelling special ballot voting services on campuses, as most colleges and universities are delivering their courses primarily online.
- Expanding virtual training for electoral workers in order to limit the number of in-person interactions.
To facilitate the conduct of an election and make voting more accessible in a pandemic, the CEO recommends to Parliament that it study and adopt legislative measures—limited in scope and temporary—that would make an election during a pandemic more accessible and convenient.
- Holding the election over a weekend (Saturday and Sunday) instead of a Monday. This would facilitate distancing of voters, give access to a range of polling locations that would otherwise be unavailable, such as schools, and help to recruit poll workers.
- Providing returning officers with greater flexibility to safely serve electors in long-term care facilities by increasing the number of voting days and working with each facility to tailor the approach to its situation.
- Accepting mail-in ballots sent before the deadline until the day following the weekend polling period.
Elections Canada is surveying Canadians and consulting external stakeholders on its plans to deliver an election during a pandemic and is assessing the potential impact of the temporary changes to the electoral process. Stakeholders include public health officials, relevant government departments, the Advisory Committee of Political Parties, the Advisory Group for Disability Issues and stakeholders representing groups of electors who experience barriers to voting or who may be more impacted by the intended changes.
Elections Canada did not consider introducing Internet voting. Implementing such a change would require significant planning and testing in order to ensure the confidentiality, secrecy, reliability and integrity of the vote. Given the current operational and time constraints, this option cannot be explored properly at this time.
The agency is currently assessing the costs of various pandemic-related changes. However, these costs could vary depending on how the situation unfolds and on the adopted measures.
Approach to a possible fall election
Given the current minority government, an election could take place at any time. If a general election were to take place before all the measures outlined above were fully implemented or in the absence of legislative changes, Elections Canada would focus on implementing public health guidelines, such as physical distancing at polling places and local Elections Canada offices as well as the provision of protective equipment to poll workers and office workers. As a result of these measures, electors may experience delays at the polls.
Here is the state of readiness of various measures Elections Canada has been working on:
|Ready to deliver||Under development||Recommended legislative changes|
|Implement physical distancing and other public health measures (e.g. hand sanitizing stations) at polling places and local Elections Canada offices||Increase convenience of applying for a mail-in ballot through an online application||A weekend polling period (Saturday and Sunday) instead of a Monday|
|Equip Elections Canada workers with non-medical masks||Improve mail-in process by automating the validation of pieces of ID||Provide returning officers with greater flexibility to serve electors in long-term care facilities by increasing the number of voting days and working with each facility to tailor the approach to its situation|
|Provide electors with non-medical masks when needed||Provide pre-paid postage for mail-in ballots||Mail-in ballots sent before the deadline could continue to be accepted until the day following the weekend polling period.|
|Implement new staffing model and procedures to reduce the number of Elections Canada workers at polling stations and the number of shared touch points with voters||Provide electors with single-use pencil. Procurement is in progress for the quantity required for a potential general election, and supplies will be available this fall.|
For a potential fall election, electors would be encouraged to wear a mask when they go to vote. They could also bring their own pencil.
Elections Canada does not set the date or duration of a general election or a by-election. The Canada Elections Act provides for a general election to be held on fixed dates and the election period to be set at a minimum of 36 days and a maximum of 50 days. In a pandemic context, a longer election period would provide certain advantages, such as giving electors more time to submit an application to vote by mail and return their ballot. It would also provide Elections Canada with more opportunities to implement safety measures.
Also, Elections Canada will be clear in its communications so that Canadians at risk, those experiencing COVID-19 symptoms and those who have concerns about voting in person know about the safe ways they can cast their ballot.
In an extreme and unexpected case, based on the advice of public health experts, the Chief Electoral Officer could certify that it has become impracticable for Elections Canada to administer the election in one or several electoral districts and recommend to the Governor in Council that the election writ be withdrawn. This has never been done in Elections Canada's history.
The administrative changes and proposed legislative amendments are the result of an analysis led by an internal working group.
The group considered a number of potential legal, administrative and operational changes, with the goal to deliver an accessible and safe election.
Information sharing and monitoring the electoral environment
Elections Canada continues to monitor COVID-19 responses and contingency planning developed by international and Canadian electoral management bodies in order to inform its own election readiness planning.
At the international level, Elections Canada engages with a number of electoral agencies to exchange information on best practices and learn from recent electoral events. The agency also benefits from the expertise of leading organizations in the field of electoral management through its participation in the ACE Electoral Knowledge Network.
At the national level, Elections Canada is participating in a working group on COVID-19 election preparation, which brings together election experts from various electoral management bodies across the country.
In order to inform its own planning efforts, Elections Canada monitors media coverage and publicly available social media content related to national and international electoral issues in the context of COVID-19.
In addition, Elections Canada has commissioned research on Canadians' views, expectations and behaviours in order to assess the impact that the COVID-19 pandemic could have on voter turnout and on the uptake of various voting methods, and to identify safety measures that could be put in place to reassure electors.
Regarding the preferred voting method of Canadians in a pandemic context, as of late September 2020, results indicate that the majority of electors would vote in person, either at a polling station (30.4%) or at an advance polling station (29.2%), while a substantial share (23.4%) would prefer to vote by mail. Research results commissioned by Elections Canada and additional information are available here:
- COVID-19: Views and behaviours of Canadians during the pandemic
- Canadian attitudes towards voting during the COVID-19 pandemic – Wave 1
- Canadian attitudes towards voting during the COVID-19 pandemic – Wave 2
- Canadian attitudes towards voting during the COVID-19 pandemic – Wave 3 (coming soon)
Communicating with Canadians
Elections Canada understands that the situation related to the COVID-19 pandemic is fluid and can evolve quickly.
We are committed to communicating regularly and clearly with Canadians about the measures we are taking to prepare for a general election in what may be a challenging environment. We will do so using our website, social media channels and election advertising.
Elections Canada employees are working from home until further notice, following a directive from the Chief Electoral Officer. Despite this different work situation, responding to your enquiries remains a priority. For specific information about the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on Elections Canada's operations, or any other elections-related matter, contact our Public Enquiries Unit at 1-800-463-6868.